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Table 1 Distribution of participant characteristics by overweight/obesity and associations (odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) between participant characteristics and overweight/obesity, n = 4194 immigrants in the 2016 Living Conditions Survey in Norway

From: Associations of socio-demographic factors with adiposity among immigrants in Norway: a secondary data analysis

  Total n (%) Overweight/obese
BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m2
Model 1 (crude)
OR (95% CI)
Model 2 (adjusted)
OR (95% CI)
  4194 2221 (53.0)   
Gender
Men 2334 (55.7) 1394 (59.7) 1 1
Women 1860 (44, 3) 827 (44.5) 0.5 (0.5–0.6) 0.5 (0.4–0.6)
Age-groups
16–24 563 (13.4) 153 (27.2) 1 1
25–44 2251 (53.7) 1128 (50.1) 2.7 (2.2–3.3) 2.4 (1.9–3.1)
45–66 1380 (32.9) 940 (68.1) 5.7 (4.6–7.1) 4.3 (3.2–5.8)
Country of origin
Vietnam 329 (7.8) 90 (27.4) 1 1
Turkey 341 (8.1) 228 (66.7) 5.4 (3.8–7. 5) 5.9 (4.2–8.4)
Kosovo 362 (8.6) 227 (62.7) 4.5 (3.2–6.2) 5. 9 (4.2–8.3)
Poland 365 (8.7) 229 (62.7) 4.5 (3.2–6.2) 5.6 (4.0–8.1)
Iraq 340 (8.1) 201 (59.1) 3.8 (2. 8–5.3) 5.4 (3.8–7.7)
Pakistan 292 (6.9) 192 (65.8) 5.1 (3.6–7.2) 5.0 (3.5–7.2)
Bosnia 345 (8.2) 208 (60.3) 4.0 (2.9–5.6) 4.6 (3.2–6.4)
Somalia 344 (8.2) 168 (48.8) 2.5 (1.8–3.5) 4.1 (2.9–6.0)
Afghanistan 345 (8.2) 147 (42.6) 2.0 (1.4–2.7) 3.7 (2.6–5.4)
Iran 381 (9.1) 196 (51.4) 2.8 (2.0–3.8) 3.4 (2.4–4.8)
Sri Lanka 373 (8.9) 201 (53.9) 3.1 (2.3–4.3) 2.8 (2.0–3.9)
Eritrea 377 (9.0) 134 (35.5) 1.5 (1.1–2.0) 2.1 (1.5–3.0)
Marital status
Single 1017 (24.2) 352 (16.0) 1 1
Cohabitant/Married 2792 (66.6) 1650 (74.3) 2.7 (2.3–3.2) 1.6 (1.3–1.9)
Widowed/Divorced/Separated 382 (9.1) 219 (10.0) 2.5 (2.0–3.2) 1.5 (1.1–2.0)
Education
< 10 years 812 (19.4) 436 (53.6) 1 1
10 years 1443 (34.4) 724 (50.2) 0.9 (0.7–1.0) 1.0 (0.9–1.3)
13 years 974 (23.2) 557 (57.2) 1.1 (1.0–1.4) 1.0 (0.8–1.3)
University 975 (23.2) 504 (51.7) 0.9 (0.8–1.1) 0.8 (0.7–1.0)
Length of residence
<= 15 Years 2569 (61.2) 1263 (49.1) 1 1
> 15 years 1625 (38.8) 958 (59.0) 1.5 (1.3–1.7) 1.1 (0. 9–1.4)
Self-reported diabetes
No 3964 (94.5) 2042 (51.5) 1 1
Yes 222 (5.5) 179 (81.0) 3.9 (2.8–5.5) 2.4 (1.7–3.4)
Physical Activity/week
Never 794 (19.0) 450 (57.0) 1 1
< Once 939 (22.4) 511 (54.4) 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 1.0 (0.8–1.2)
Once or more 2458 (58.6) 1258 (51.2) 0.8 (0.7–0.9) 0.9 (0.8–1.1)
Employment Status
Employed 2717 (64.8) 1417 (52.1) 1 1
Not employed 1469 (35.2) 801 (54.2) 1.1 (1.0–1.2) 1.2 (1.1–1.4)
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