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Table 2 Multivariable linear regression of demographics and CMD risk factors associated with CMD risk perception among high-risk† participants within the intervention group (n = 876)

From: Mismatch between self-perceived and calculated cardiometabolic disease risk among participants in a prevention program for cardiometabolic disease: a cross-sectional study

  Cognitive risk perception Affective risk perception
beta 95% CI P-value beta 95% CI P-value
Positive DM2 family history 0.56 (0.39–0.73) < 0.01* 0.42 (0.24–0.59) < 0.01*
Positive CVD family history 0.28 (0.13–0.43) < 0.01* 0.15 (−0.00–0.30) 0.06
BMI ≥ 25 0.27 (0.12–0.43) < 0.01* 0.22 (0.06–0.38) < 0.01*
Inactivity1 0.30 (0.16–0.45) < 0.01* 0.24 (0.10–0.39) < 0.01*
High waist circumference2 0.25 (0.02–0.48) 0.03* 0.21 (−0.02–0.44) 0.08
Age −0.01 (−0.03–0.00) 0.08 − 0.01 (− 0.03–0.00) 0.10
Smoking 0.17 (−0.04–0.38) 0.12 − 0.02 (− 0.24–0.19) 0.82
High alcohol intake3 − 0.08 (− 0.26–0.10) 0.40 −0.05 (− 0.23–0.14) 0.61
Sex (0 = female, 1 = male) 0.03 (−0.12–0.18) 0.72 0.04 (−0.11–0.19) 0.63
Education level4
 middle 0.00 (−0.19–0.19) 0.97 0.00 (−0.19–0.19) 0.99
 high 0.01 (−0.19–0.21) 0.92 −0.07 (− 0.27–0.13) 0.46
  1. †High absolute risk for men ≥23%, for women ≥19%
  2. 1< 5 days a week of 30 min moderate to vigorous exercise per day
  3. 2> 80 cm for women and > 94 cm for men
  4. 3> 14 units/week for women and > 21 units/week for men
  5. 4Education level: low = primary & lower secondary education, middle = upper secondary & intermediate vocational education, high = higher vocational education (applied sciences) & university
  6. *significant
  7. Abbreviations: CMD cardiometabolic disease DM2 Diabetes Mellitus type 2, CVD cardiovascular disease, BMI body mass index