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Table 1 Baseline characteristics, risk factors and CMD risk

From: Mismatch between self-perceived and calculated cardiometabolic disease risk among participants in a prevention program for cardiometabolic disease: a cross-sectional study

  Intervention group Control group P-value
N = 2172 N = 5375  
Demographics
Gender (%)    0.65
 Male 45.0 45.6  
Age at randomization (years; mean (SD)) 56.1 (SD 7.1) 56.5 (SD 6.9) <  0.01
Marital status (%)    0.98
 Single 14.6 14.6  
 Relationship. but not living together 3.3 3.4  
 Married/living together 82.1 82.1  
Education level1 (%)    <  0.01
 Low 12.9 17.6  
 Middle 43.3 44.1  
 High 43.8 38.3  
CMD risk factors
Positive CVD family history (%) 31.4 33.4 0.09
Positive DM2 family history (%) 19.7 23.1 <  0.01
Current smoker (%) 10.4 14.7 <  0.01
BMI ≥25 (%) 42.0 45.6 <  0.01
High waist circumference2 (%) 80.4 81.0 0.51
Physical Inactivity3 (%) 48.6 51.7 0.02
High alcohol intake4 (%) 14.7 16.1 0.14
CMD risk
CMD5 risk based on risk score (%)    0.10
 Low 7.0 6.2  
 Intermediate 52.7 51.1  
 High 40.3 42.8  
  1. Total of percentages may not equal 100% due to rounding
  2. 1 Education level: low = primary & lower secondary education, middle = upper secondary & intermediate vocational education, high = higher vocational education (applied sciences) & university
  3. 2 > 80 cm for women and > 94 cm for men
  4. 3 < 5 days a week of 30 min moderate to vigorous exercise per day
  5. 4 > 14 units/week for women and > 21 units/week for men
  6. 5 High absolute risk for men ≥23%, for women ≥19%
  7. Abbreviations: CVD cardiovascular disease, DM2 Diabetes Mellitus type 2, BMI body mass index