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Table 3 Factors associated with work-related MSDs among hairdressers, Ethiopia, 2019

From: Prevalence and healthcare seeking practice of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among informal sectors of hairdressers in Ethiopia, 2019: findings from a cross-sectional study

Characteristic (N = 652) Work-related MSDs COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) P-value
Yes (%) No (%)
Age
 ≤ 30 years 179(57.2) 134(42.8) 1 1  
 > 30 years 279(82.3) 60(17.7) 3.48(2.43–4.98) 2.73(2.55–5.46) 0.0001*
Educational level
 Unable to read and write 9(81.2) 1(18.2) 4.12(0.52–32.79) 2.19(0.23–20.99) 0.49
 Primary school 119(75.6) 42(24.4) 1.29(0.87–1.94) 1.06(0.68–1.64) 0.81
 Secondary and Above 330(67.8) 151(32.2) 1 1  
Work experience
 ≤ 5 years 217(63.5) 125(36.5) 1 1  
 > 5 years 241(77.7) 69(22.3) 2.01(1.42–2.85) 1.51(1.03–2.20) 0.001*
Physical exercise per week
 Once per week 33(80.5) 8(19.5) 1 1  
 2 times per week 91(72.8) 34(27.2) 0.65(0.27–1.54) 0.41(0.28–2.29) 0.69
 ≥ 3 times per week 84(63.6) 48(36.4) 0.42(0.18–0.99) 0.37(0.17–1.31) 0.15
Hours spent in standing position per day
 1–5 h 170(63.2) 99(36.8) 1 1  
 6–10 h 154(66.9) 76(33.1) 1.18(0.82–1.71) 1.12(0.75–1.68) 0.94
 11–15 h 134(87.6) 19(12.4) 4.11(2.39–7.05) 3.4(2.49–7.77) 0.0001*
Customer attending per a day
 ≤ 9 customers 151(63.9) 85(36.1) 1 1  
 10–15 customers 122(67) 60(33) 1.15(0.76–1.72) 1.14(0.73–1.78) 0.57
 16–23 customers 74(75.5) 24(24.5) 1.74(1.02–2.95) 1.52(0.07–3.45) 0.06
 ≥ 24 customers 111(81.6) 25(18.4) 2.49(1.50–4.16) 2.35(1.35–4.11) 0.001*
  1. Keys: -*ignificant in multivariate analysis; N Number, OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, WMSDs Work-related musculoskeletal disorders