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Table 2 Workplace characteristics of hairdressers, Ethiopia, 2019 (N = 652)

From: Prevalence and healthcare seeking practice of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among informal sectors of hairdressers in Ethiopia, 2019: findings from a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Frequency (n) Percent (%)
Awkward posture/ bending or twisting/ involved
 Yes 314 48.2
 No 338 51.8
Hour spent bending/twisting per day
 1–5 h 206 31.6
 ≥ 6 h 107 16.4
Work in the same position/static posture
 Yes 360 55.2
 No 292 44.8
Involved in repetitive task
 Yes 451 69.2
 No 201 30.8
Working hours per day
 ≤ 8 h 287 44
 > 8 h 365 56
Working days per week
 1–3 days 10 1.5
 4–6 days 295 45.3
 7 days 347 53.2
Average rest break used per day
 < 30 min 579 88.8
 30–45 min 49 7.5
 > 45 min 24 3.7
Adequate light at work
 Yes 554 85
 No 98 15
Work load
 Yes 374 57.4
 No 278 42.6
Job categories /activities
Washing and cutting
  Yes 424 95.1
  No 22 4.9
Designing
  Yes 219 33.6
  No 433 66.4
Rolling/curling/waving
  Yes 197 30.2
  No 455 69.8
Coloring
  Yes 19 2.9
  No 633 97.1
Adjustable chair available
  Yes 327 50.2
  No 325 49.8
Finger supported scissors
  Yes 465 71.3
  No 187 28.7
Thermal comfort
  Comfortable 48 7.4
  Uncomfortable 604 92.6
Safety/ergonomic training
  Yes 313 48
  No 339 52
Number of customers served per day
  ≤ 9 customers 198 30.4
  10–15 customers 166 25.5
  16–23 customers 130 19.9
  ≥ 24 customers 158 24.2
Hours spent in standing position per day
  1–5 269 41.3
  6–10 230 35.3
  11–15 153 23.4