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Table 1 Distribution of study participants according to unmet need status among sexually active women

From: Multilevel analysis of factors associated with unmet need for family planning among Malawian women

Variable Unmet need – (n = 15,931)  
  No (n = 12,581) Yes (n = 3350) p-value a
Individual-level factors
 Woman’s age (years)    0.011
  15–24 4123 (77.9) 1172 (22.1)  
  25–34 5014 (80.6) 1209 (19.4)  
   ≥ 35 3444 (78.0) 969 (21.9)  
 Number of children ever had    < 0.001
  0 348 (70.4) 357 (29.6)  
  1 2221 (80.3) 546 (19.7)  
  2+ 9512 (79.5) 2447 (20.5)  
 Wealth    0.049
  Poor 4918 (77.9) 1397 (27.1)  
  Middle 2432 (79.0) 649 (21.0)  
  Rich 5230 (80.0) 1304 (20.0)  
 Marital status    < 0.001
  Unmarried 483 (58.9) 338 (41.1)  
  Married 12,098 (80.1) 3012 (19.9)  
 Employed    < 0.001
  No 3342 (74.7) 1129 (25.2)  
  Yes 9239 (80.6) 2221 (19.4)  
 Residence    0.046
  Urban 2195 (80.9) 518 (19.1)  
  Rural 10,386 (78.6) 2832 (21.4)  
 Region    < 0.001
  Northern 1473 (75.8) 471 (24.2)  
  Central 5691 (82.1) 1239 (17.9)  
  Southern 5417 (76.8) 1640 (23.2)  
 Woman’s educational level    0.216
  No formal education 1571 (77.0) 470 (23.0)  
  Primary 8108 (79.2) 2135 (20.8)  
  Secondary and higher 2902 (79.6) 745 (20.4)  
 Religion    0.001
  Catholics 2556 (81.1) 596 (18.9)  
  Protestants 3018 (80.8) 717 (19.2)  
  Muslims and other 7007 (77.5) 2037 (22.5)  
 Experienced death of child    < 0.011
  No 11,642 (79.7) 2968 (20.3)  
  Yes 939 (71.1) 382 (28.9)  
 Media exposure    < 0.001
  No 7579 (77.4) 2213 (22.6)  
  Yes 5002 (81.5) 1137 (18.5)  
 Distance to HF    0.084
  No problem 5610 (79.8) 1421 (20.2)  
  Problem 6971 (78.3) 1929 (21.7)  
Community-level factors
 Community wealth    0.051
  Low 5063 (77.9) 1433 (22.1)  
  Middle 4158 (78.7) 1124 (21.3)  
  High 3360 (80.9) 793 (19.1)  
 Community employment    < 0.001
  Low 3631 (75.5) 1179 (24.5)  
  Middle 4075 (79.4) 1058 (20.6)  
  High 4875 (81.4) 1113 (18.6)  
 Community women’s education    < 0.001
  Low 4435 (76.5) 1365 (23.5)  
  Middle 4557 (80.2) 1122 (19.8)  
  High 3589 (80.6) 863 (19.4)  
 Community distance to HF    0.115
  Low 3263 (80.7) 779 (19.3)  
  Middle 4889 (78.2) 1366 (21.8)  
  High 4429 (78.6) 1205 (21.4)  
  1. ap-value from chi square test, bold means significant at p < 0.05