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Table 4 The detailed decomposition analysis of the change in FGM practice in Ethiopia, 2000 to 2016

From: Trends and Spatio-temporal variation of female genital mutilation among reproductive-age women in Ethiopia: a Spatio-temporal and multivariate decomposition analysis of Ethiopian demographic and health surveys

Female Genital Mutilation Difference due to characteristics (E) Difference due to coefficient (C)
Coef. Pct. Coef. Pct.
Residence Rural 0   0  
Urban 0.003 (− 0.006, 0.011) −2.7 0.02 [0.01, 0.03]** −20.6
Region Somali 0   0  
Afar 0.003 [− 0.006, 0.012] −2.8 − 0.0006[− 0.01, 0.009] 0.6
Amhara −0.005 [− 0.02, 0.01] 4.9 0.013 [− 0.005, 0.03] −12.0
Oromia −0.015 [− 0.06, − 0.029] 14.1 0.006 [− 0.02, 0.03] −0.5
Tigray 0.013 [−0.025, 0.05] − 12.2 0.01 [0.0008, 0.02]** − 12.2
Ben-Gumuz 0.0029 [−0.0058, 0.012] −2.8 0.007 [−0.002, 0.016] −6.5
SNNPRs −0.0046[− 0.018, − 0.009] 4.4 0.01 [− 0.009, 0.029] −9.7
Gambella 0.004 [− 0.009, 0.017] −4.1 0.007 [− 0.0008, 0.015] − 6.9
Harari −0.0004 [− 0.002, 0.0008] 0.37 0.003 [− 0.006, 0.011] −2.4
Addis Ababa −0.005 [− 0.02, 0.01] 4.9 0.011 [− 0.007, 0.03] −11.2
Dire Dawa 0.001 [− 0.002, 0.004] −1.0 −0.0013 [− 0.011, 0.009] 1.2
Women age (in years) 15–19 −0.0018 [− 0.007, 0.004] 1.7 −0.007 [− 0.015,0.0009] 6.7
20–24 −0.0001[− 0.00002, 0.00001] 0.005 −0.002 [− 0.009, 0.004] 2.3
25–29 0.0003 [−0.0006, 0.0012] − 0.28 −0.002 [− 0.008, 0.0035] 2.4
30–34 0.0001 [−0.0006, 0.001] − 0.1 0.0007 [− 0.004, 0.005] −0.6
35–39 0   0  
40–44 −0.0001 [− 0.0003, 0.0002] 0.07 − 0.001 [− 0.005, 0.002] 1.2
45–49 00002 [− 0.0008, 0.0013] −0.2 0.0006 [− 0.003, 0.004] −0.5
Educational status No education 0   0  
Primary 0.0019[−0.007, 0.01] −1.8 −0.002 [− 0.006, 0.002] 1.8
Secondary 0.0005 [−0.001, 0.002] −0.5 − 0.001 [− 0.006, 0.003] 1.2
Higher 0.008 [−0.02, 0.033] −7.6 − 0.0008 [− 0.001, − 0.00006]** 0.7
Occupation Not working 0   0  
Gov’t employee −0.0013 [− 0.0012, 0.0009] 0.1 − 0.0006 [− 0.001, 0.0003] 0.5
Self -employee 0.0007 [− 0.003, 0.005] 0.7 −0.02 [− 0.03, − 0.009]** 19.7
Religion Orthodox − 0.0018 [− 0.011, 0.007] 1.8 −0.06 [− 0.11, − 0.02]** 61.9
Muslim − 0.006 [− 0.025,0.012] 5.8 −0.05 [− 0.08, − 0.01]** 43.6
Protestant 0.0007 [− 0.0043, 0.0056] −0.6 − 0.003 [− 0.016, 0.01] 3.1
Traditional −0.0038 [− 0.015, 0.0075] 3.6 −0.002 [− 0.006, 0.002] 1.5
Catholic 0   0  
Media exposure Yes −0.0006 [− 0.0025,0.0014] 0.5 − 0.012 [− 0.022, − 0.003]** 11.8
No 0   0  
Constant     0.02 [−0.15, 0.20] −23.4
  1. **P-value < 0.01, Coef: Coefficient, Pct.: Percentage
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