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Table 3 Structural vulnerabilities by age and program contact among YSW in Mombasa, Kenya (2015)

From: Low program access despite high burden of sexual, structural, and reproductive health vulnerabilities among young women who sell sex in Mombasa, Kenya

Structural vulnerabilityOverall populationAge groupProgram contacta
 N = 40814–18, N = 11719–24, N = 291 No, N = 352Yes, N = 56 
n/N%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)p-value% (95% CI)% (95% CI)p-value
Socioeconomic
 Does not have regular source of income (including sex work)341/40883.6 (79.6–87.0)85.5 (77.8–91.3)82.8 (78.0–87.0)0.5683.2 (78.9–87.0)85.7 (73.8–93.6)0.85
 Cannot fully cover living expenses from last month’s sex work336/40882.4 (78.3–85.9)77.8 (69.2–84.9)84.2 (79.5–88.2)0.1582.4 (78.0–86.2)82.1 (69.6–91.1)1.00
 Does not keep all wages from last month sex work55/40813.5 (10.3–17.2)12.0 (6.7–19.3)14.1 (10.3–18.6)0.6313.1 (9.7–17.0)16.1 (7.6–28.3)0.53
 Has not completed primary school124/40830.4 (26.0–35.1)34.2 (25.7–43.5)28.9 (23.7–34.4)0.3430.7 (25.9–35.8)28.6 (17.3–42.2)0.88
 Cannot read and/or write11/4082.7 (1.4–4.8)3.4 (0.9–8.5)2.4 (1.0–4.9)0.522.8 (1.4–5.2)1.8 (0.0–9.6)1.00
Violence
 Physical violence by sexual partner, ever122/40829.9 (25.5–34.6)29.1 (21.0–38.2)30.2 (25.0–35.9)0.9030.4 (25.6–35.5)26.8 (15.8–40.3)0.64
 Physical violence by sexual partner, past 1 yearb79/12264.8 (55.6–73.2)76.5 (58.8–89.3)60.2 (49.2–70.5)0.1466.4 (56.6–75.2)53.3 (26.6–78.7)0.39
 Sexual violence, ever119/40829.2 (24.8–33.8)24.8 (17.3–33.6)30.9 (25.7–36.6)0.2330.4 (25.6–35.5)21.4 (11.6–34.4)0.21
 Sexual violence, past 1 past yearc58/11948.7 (39.5–58.1)55.2 (35.7–73.6)46.7 (36.1–57.5)0.5247.7 (37.9–57.5)58.3 (27.7–84.8)0.55
 Police harrassmentd, ever183/40844.9 (40.0–49.8)29.1 (21–38.2)51.2 (45.3–57.1)< 0.0143.2 (37.9–48.5)55.4 (41.5–68.7)0.11
 Police harrassmentd,e, past 1 year139/18376.0 (69.1–82.0)85.3 (68.9–95.0)73.8 (66.0–80.7)0.1975.7 (68–82.2)77.4 (58.9–90.4)1.00
Alcohol
 Consumed alcohol in the last month324/40879.4 (75.2–83.2)76.9 (68.2–84.2)80.4 (75.4–84.8)0.4278.4 (73.7–82.6)85.7 (73.8–93.6)0.28
 Consumed alcohol almost everyday121/40829.7 (25.3–34.3)32.5 (24.1–41.8)28.5 (23.4–34.1)0.4729.5 (24.8–34.6)30.4 (18.8–44.1)0.88
 Inebriatedf,g in the last month154/32447.5 (42.0–53.1)46.7 (36.1–57.5)47.9 (41.3–54.5)0.9045.7 (39.7–51.7)58.3 (43.2–72.4)0.12
 Inebriatedf,h during sex in the last month112/15472.7 (65.0–79.6)78.6 (63.2–89.7)70.5 (61.2–78.8)0.4274.6 (66.1–81.9)64.3 (44.1–81.4)0.35
 Partner inebriatedf during sex in the last month283/40869.4 (64.6–73.8)65 (55.6–73.5)71.1 (65.6–76.3)0.2469 (63.9–73.8)71.4 (57.8–82.7)0.76
  1. CI confidence interval, YSW young women who sell sex, age 14–24 years
  2. aProgram contact defined as ever contacted by peers of a non-governmental organization/community-based organization
  3. bAmong participants who ever had experienced physical violence by sexual partner (N = 122)
  4. cAmong participants who ever had experienced sexual violence (N = 119)
  5. dPolice harassment was defined as experiencing physical assault or arrest by law enforcement while working as a sex worker
  6. eAmong participants who ever had experienced police harassement (N = 183)
  7. fInebriated defined as answering at least one time to the following question: “In the last month, how many times did you get drunk (under the influence of alcohol)?”
  8. gAmong participants who consumed alcohol in the last month (N = 324)
  9. hAmong participants who self-declared to be inebriated in the last month (N = 154)