Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors associated with stunting and with overweight among children from zero to 60 months of age, Alagoas (Northeast Brazil), 1992

From: Stunting and overweight among children in Northeast Brazil: prevalence, trends (1992-2005-2015) and associated risk factors from repeated cross-sectional surveys

VariablesCategoriesStuntingaOverweightb
Prevalence (%) p-value (χ2)Crude PR (95% CI)Adjusted PRc (95% CI)Prevalence (%) p-value (χ2)Crude PR (95% CI)Adjusted PRc (95% CI)
SexMale23.419.111
Female21.80.93 (0.76–1.14) nsns4.70.57 (0.37–0.87)*0.50 (0.32–0.78)*
 p = 0.6640  p = 0.0021  
Age group (months)0.0 –| 24.014.5118.11
24 –| 60.028.31.94 (1.53–2.47)*1.85 (1.31–2.63)*6.10.78 (0.52–1.18) nsns
 p < 0.0001  p = 0.1781  
Birth weight (g)Normal (2500–3999)15.7117.31
Low (< 2500)28.31.80 (1.21–2.67)*1.72 (1.19–2.49)*5.00.69 (0.26–1.87) nsns
High (≥4000)11.10.71 (0.41–1.22) ns0.58 (0.33–1.01)#9.91.28 (0.68–2.41) nsns
 p = 0.0048  p = 0.4240  
Number of people in the household≤ 416.517.31
>  424.91.51 (1.16–1.97) *ns6.60.90 (0.57–1.42) nsns
 p = 0.0015  p = 0.6548  
Residence areaUrban18.217.51
Rural28.71.58 (1.28–1.94) *ns6.10.82 (0.54–1.24) nsns
 p < 0.0001  p = 0.3449  
Mother with ≤2 childrenYes12.8118.91
No28.82.25 (1.73–2.92) *1.64 (1.15–2.35)*5.80.66 (0.44–1.00) *0.66 (0.44–1.00)*
 p < 0.0001  p = 0.0450  
Low maternal schooling (years of study ≤4)Yes29.34.07 (2.74–6.03)*3.23 (2.01–5.22)*6.40.79 (0.51–1.23) nsns
No7.2118.01
 p < 0.0001  p = 0.3226  
Maternal age group (years)≤ 20.016.30.74 (0.52–1.06)#ns6.70.92 (0.49–1.70) nsns
20.1–39.922.117.21
≥ 40.032.11.45 (1.08–1.95)*ns5.30.74 (0.33–1.66) nsns
 p = 0.0073  p = 0.7585  
  1. * Statistically significant difference, according to the 95% confidence interval (95% CI)
  2. ns Non-significant difference
  3. # 0.05 < p < 0.1 (marginal statistical significance)
  4. a Stunting: height-for-age < −2 sd
  5. b Overweight: weight-for-height > 2 sd
  6. c backward elimination process