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Table 3 Fixed and random effects and variance components for happy (model 1a & 2a), calm (model 1b & 2b), stressed (model 1c & 2c), angry (model 1d & 2d), and sad/depressed (model 1e & 2e)

From: Doing exercise or sport together with one’s child is positively associated with mothers’ momentary affect in daily life, but not with higher levels of overall physical activity

Outcome Fixed Random
Predictor Coefficient SE t-Value df p-Value Coefficient SD Wald Z p-value 95%-Predictive Interval a
Feeling Happy
 Model 1a (participants: N = 183; prompts: n = 3270)
  Intercept 2.578 0.076 33.873 2428 < .001 0.168 0.020 8.045 < .001 0.13 0.21
  SWLS 0.157 0.024 6.408 173 < .001       
  Work Status 0.057 0.033 1.710 3301 .087       
  PA (120 min) 8.9E-7 6.7E-7 1.331 3224 .183       
  Together with child 0.082 0.031 2.653 3356 .008       
 Model 2a (participants: N = 103; prompts: n = 249)
  Intercept 2.829 0.195 14.472 264 < .001 0.215 0.050 4.251 < .001 0.14 0.34
  SWLS 0.115 0.045 2.427 113 .013       
  Work Status −0.069 0.099 −0.697 240 .486       
  PA (120 min) 2.17E-6 1,69E-6 1.283 245 .201       
  Sport to-gether with child 0.377 0.086 4.353 273 < .001       
Feeling Calm
 Model 1b (paricipants: N = 182; prompts: n = 3296)
  Intercept 2.34 0.086 27.051 2812 < .001 0.161 0.021 7.719 < .001 0.13 0.21
  SWLS 0.163 0.024 6.635 175 < .001       
  Work Status 0.071 0.038 1.834 3307 .067       
  PA (120 min) −3.0E-6 7.83E-7 −3.838 3228 < .001       
  Together with child 0.085 0.035 2.551 3380 .018       
 Model 2b (participants: N = 103; prompts: n = 249)
  Intercept 2.137 0.216 9.888 262 < .001 0.289 0.067 4.280 < .001 0.18 0.45
  SWLS 0.180 0.051 3.465 108 < .001       
  Work Status 0.113 0.110 1.030 234 .304       
  PA (120 min) −1.8E-7 1,8E-6 −0.098 239 .922       
  Sport to-gether with child 0.388 0.096 4.039 271 < .001       
Feeling stressed
 Model 1c (participants: N = 183; prompts: n = 3268)
  Intercept 1.810 0.072 25.127 2848 < .001 0.106 0.014 7.525 < .001 0.08 0.13
  SWLS −0.085 0.020 −4.051 170 < .001       
  Work Status −0.087 0.032 −2.666 3304 .008       
  PA (120 min) 6.8E-7 6.5E-7 1.046 3223 .296       
  Together with child −0.106 0.030 −3.552 3382 < .001 0.023 0.011 2.081 .037 0.01 0.06
 Model 2c (participants: N = 103; prompts: n = 249)
  Intercept 1.915 0.175 10.890 268 < .001 0.107 0.034 3.101 .002 0.06 0.20
  SWLS −0.07 0.036 −1.885 99 .062       
  Work Status −0.152 0.090 −1.673 250 .095       
  PA (120 min) 1.6E-6 1.6E-6 −0.168 315 .313       
  Sport to-gether with child −0.311 0.077 −4.037 277 < .001       
Feeling Angry
 Model 1d (participants: N = 183; prompts: n = 3267)
  Intercept 1.430 0.070 20.332 3323 < .001 0.051 0.008 6.353 < .001 0.03 0.07
  SWLS −0.066 0.015 −4.362 161 < .001       
  Work Status −0.032 0.032 −1.015 3228 .310       
  PA (120 min) 1.1E-6 6.3E-7 1.680 3139 .093       
  Together with child −0.001 0.028 −0.041 3322 .968       
Model 2d (participants: N = 103; prompts: n = 249)
  Intercept 1.625 0.206 7.864 270 < .001 0.048 0.025 1.918 .05 .02 .13
  SWLS −0.094 0.032 −2.937 94 .004       
  Work Status −0.090 0.016 −0.852 .268 395       
  PA (120 min) −8.4E-7 1.6E-6 −0.520 264 .604       
  Sport to-gether with child −0.201 0.075 −2.668 265 .008       
Feeling sad/depressed
 Model 1e (participants: N = 183; prompts: n = 3270)
  Intercept 1.224 0.045 26.678 2505 < .001 0.056 0.007 8.023 < .001 .04 .07
  SWLS −0.076 0.014 −5.352 173 < .001       
  Work Status −0.017 0.020 −0.870 3222 .385       
  PA (120 min) 1,5 E-7 3.9 E-7 0.402 3143 .402       
  Together with child −0.021 0.018 −1.152 3274 .249       
Model 2e (participants: N = 103; prompts: n = 249)
  Intercept 1.299 0.126 10.275 265 < .001 0.050 0.012 4.054 < .001 .03 .08
  SWLS −0.127 0.023 −5.408 123 < .001       
  Work Status −0.054 0.065 −0.828 259 .409       
  PA (120 min) 3.6 E-7 9.9 E-7 0.369 248 .712       
  Sport to-gether with child −0.116 0.047 −2.460 268 .015       
  1. aBased on the assumption of normally distributed regression coefficients, the 95% predictive interval indicates the range of values between which 95% of the regression coefficients are estimated to lie (Hox, 2010). The intervals were calculated based on a model without Level 2 predictors