Skip to main content

Table 3 Clinical signs & symptoms among smokers and non-smokers patient groups

From: Effect of smoking on treatment outcome among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia; a multicenter study

SymptomsTotal
N = 9337
Never smoked
N = 5024
Ever smoked
N = 4313
p-Value
Night sweats
 Yes2962 (31.7)1500 (29.9)1462 (33.9)< 0.001
 No6164 (66)3382 (67.3)2782 (64.5)
 Unknown211 (2.3)142 (2.8)69 (1.6)
Cough
 Yes7365 (78.9)3786 (75.4)3579 (83)< 0.001
 No1944 (20.8)1225 (24.4)719 (16.7)
 Unknown28 (0.3)13 (0.3)15 (0.3)
Sputum
 Yes5139 (55)2947 (58.7)2192 (50.8)< 0.001
 No4035 (43.2)2000 (39.8)2035 (47.2)
 Unknown163 (1.7)77 (1.5)86 (2)
Shortening of breath
 Yes3944 (42.2)2033 (40.5)1911 (44.3)0.001
 No5298 (56.7)2942 (58.6)2356 (54.6)
 Unknown95 (1)49 (1)46 (1.1)
Fever
 Yes5940 (63.6)3146 (62.6)2794 (64.8)0.002
 No3377 (36.2)1873 (37.3)1504 (34.9)
 Unknown20 (0.2)5 (0.1)15 (0.3)
Weight loss
 Yes6203 (66.4)3234 (64.4)2969 (68.8)< 0.001
 No3037 (32.5)1705 (33.9)1332 (30.9)
 Unknown97 (1)85 (1.7)12 (0.3)
Loss of appetite
 Yes6528 (69.9)3347 (66.6)3181 (73.8)< 0.001
 No2694 (28.9)1575 (31.3)1119 (25.9)
 Unknown115 (1.2)102 (2)13 (0.3)
Hemoptysis
 Yes2381 (25.5)1295 (25.8)1086 (25.2)< 0.001
 No6842 (73.3)3637 (72.4)3205 (74.3)
 Unknown114 (1.2)92 (1.8)22 (0.5)