Skip to main content

Table 2 Distribution of TB patients according to smoking habit based on multivariate analysis

From: Effect of smoking on treatment outcome among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia; a multicenter study

Patient variablesUnivariate analysisMultivariate analysis
Crude OR95% CIp-ValueaOR95% CIp-Value
Gender
 Male1.791.64–1.96< 0.0011.431.30–1.58< 0.001
 Female1.001.00
Age
  < 150.620.48–0.80< 0.0010.860.66–1.140.31
 16–250.750.67–0.85< 0.0010.920.81–1.040.22
 26–351.020.92–1.130.62
 36–451.221.10–1.35< 0.0011.020.91–1.150.65
 46–551.060.95–1.180.26
 56–651.050.93–1.180.35
  > 650.980.86–1.120.79
Race
 Malay1.171.07–1.29< 0.0011.100.91–1.320.31
 Chinese1.361.24–1.50< 0.0011.231.02–1.490.02
 Indian1.070.91–1.250.37
 Indigenous Sarawak0.650.57–0.75< 0.0010.740.58–0.950.02
 Indigenous Sabah0.770.69–0.86< 0.0011.010.83–1.230.91
 Indonesian immigrants0.790.67–0.940.0070.910.72–1.160.47
 Philippine immigrants0.820.68–0.990.040.970.75–1.250.83
 Others1.391.00–1.930.041.300.89–1.900.16
Area
 Urban1.471.35–1.60< 0.0011.461.33–1.61< 0.001
 Rural1.001.00
Marital status
 Single1.141.04–1.240.0050.970.88–1.070.63
 Married1.001.00
Employment status
 Employed1.331.22–1.46< 0.0011.211.09–1.34< 0.001
 Unemployed1.001.00
Alcohol drinkers
 Yes8.026.67–9.66< 0.0014.914.04–5.96< 0.001
 No1.001.00
Intravenous drug user (IVDU)
 Yes11.829.16–15.24< 0.0017.435.70–9.60< 0.001
 No1.001.00
TB type
 PTB0.960.86–1.080.56 
 EPTB1.00
Co-morbidity
 Yes1.851.69–2.01< 0.0011.271.16–1.40< 0.001
 No1.001.00