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Table 1 Sociodemographic distribution of TB patients according to smoking habit

From: Effect of smoking on treatment outcome among tuberculosis patients in Malaysia; a multicenter study

Patient VariablesTotal
N = 9337
Never smoked
N = 5024
Ever smoked
N = 4313
Weight (mean ± SD)41.75 ± 10.1141.53 ± 9.7742.02 ± 10.48
Gender
 Male6442 (69)3181 (63.3)3261 (75.6)
 Female2895 (31)1843 (36.7)1052 (24.4)
Age (mean ± SD)41.61 ± 16.5741.12 ± 17.0542.18 ± 15.97
  < 15265 (2.8)172 (3.4)93 (2.2)
 16–251472 (15.8)876 (17.4)596 (13.8)
 26–351878 (20.1)1001 (19.9)877 (20.3)
36–451754 (18.8)872 (17.4)882 (20.4)
 46–551674 (17.9)880 (17.5)794 (18.4)
 56–651279 (13.7)673 (13.4)606 (14.1)
  > 651015 (10.9)550 (10.9)465 (10.8)
Race
 Malay2504 (26.8)1272 (25.3)1232 (28.6)
 Chinese2211 (23.7)1058 (21.1)1153 (26.7)
 Indian671 (7.2)350 (7)321 (7.4)
 Indigenous Sarawak976 (10.5)614 (12.2)362 (8.4)
 Indigenous Sabah1702 (18.2)1003 (20)699 (16.2)
 Indonesian immigrants631 (6.8)372 (7.4)259 (6)
 Philippine immigrants493 (5.3)287 (5.7)206 (4.8)
 Others149 (1.6)68 (1.4)81 (1.9)
Area
 Urban5959 (63.8)3001 (59.7)2958 (68.6)
 Rural3378 (36.2)2023 (40.3)1355 (31.4)
Marital status
 Single6706 (71.8)3547 (70.6)3159 (73.2)
 Married2631 (28.2)1477 (29.4)1154 (26.8)
Employment status
 Employed2531 (27.1)1228 (24.4)1303 (30.2)
 Unemployed6806 (72.9)3796 (75.6)3010 (69.8)
Alcohol drinkers
 Yes941 (10.1)139 (2.8)802 (18.6)
 No8396 (89.9)4885 (97.2)3511 (81.4)
Intravenous drug user (IVDU)
 Yes670 (7.2)68 (1.4)602 (14)
 No8667 (92.8)4956 (98.6)3711 (86)
TB-type
 PTB7781 (83.3)4197 (83.5)3584 (83.1)
 EPTB1556 (16.7)827 (16.5)729 (16.9)
Co-morbidity
 Yes3414 (36.6)1507 (30)1907 (44.2)
 No5923 (63.4)3517 (70)2406 (55.8)