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Table 3 Comparison of the effectiveness of prevention and treatment interventions on outcomes of interest in overall participants and the sub-group of Māori and Pacific Islander participants

From: Interventions to prevent or treat childhood obesity in Māori & Pacific Islanders: a systematic review

Authors & Country Study type Sub-group analysis of MPI participants Effectiveness on intervention outcomes
    Improved anthropometry Improved cardiometabolic Improved psychological Improved behavioural
Anderson, C.Y et al. [22] (2017) (NZ) Treatment Yes (cardiometabolic only) ×
(BMI, WC)a
×
(HbA1c, fasting insulin, CV fitnessb, PA levels/intensity)

CV fitnessa

(HR-QOL, overall psychological profile)a
×
(Screen time)
Chansavang, Y. et al. [23] (2015) (NZ) Treatment Participants were exclusively of MPI descent ×
(BMI, WC)a

(VO2max, BP, HbA1c)a
×
(fasting insulin)a
Gittelsohn, J. et al. [24] (2010) (USA - Hawaii) Prevention No
(Parent food knowledge)

(Overall child dietary intake)
Maddison, R. et al. [27] (2014) (NZ) Treatment No ×
(BMI, %BF, FFM, FM, WC)
×
(Screen time, sedentary time, sleep, PA enjoyment, sedentary behaviour enjoyment)
Rush, E. et al. [26] (2012) (NZ) Prevention Yes ×
(BMI, %BF)a
×
(BP)a
Rush, R. et al. [25] (2014) (NZ) Prevention No NRc NR
  1. MPI Māori and Pacific Islander, NZ New Zealand, BMI Body mass index, WC Waist circumference, HbA1c Glycated haemoglobin, CV Cardiovascular, PA Physical activity, BP Blood pressure, BF Body fat, FFM Fat-free mass, FM Fat mass
  2. aResults consistent in sub-group analysis of Māori and Pacific Islander participants
  3. bAssessed by a 550-m walk/run time
  4. cNot reported: authors did not report effect significance