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Table 3 Comparison of the effectiveness of prevention and treatment interventions on outcomes of interest in overall participants and the sub-group of Māori and Pacific Islander participants

From: Interventions to prevent or treat childhood obesity in Māori & Pacific Islanders: a systematic review

Authors & CountryStudy typeSub-group analysis of MPI participantsEffectiveness on intervention outcomes
   Improved anthropometryImproved cardiometabolicImproved psychologicalImproved behavioural
Anderson, C.Y et al. [22] (2017) (NZ)TreatmentYes (cardiometabolic only)×
(BMI, WC)a
(HbA1c, fasting insulin, CV fitnessb, PA levels/intensity)

CV fitnessa

(HR-QOL, overall psychological profile)a
(Screen time)
Chansavang, Y. et al. [23] (2015) (NZ)TreatmentParticipants were exclusively of MPI descent×
(BMI, WC)a

(VO2max, BP, HbA1c)a
(fasting insulin)a
Gittelsohn, J. et al. [24] (2010) (USA - Hawaii)PreventionNo
(Parent food knowledge)

(Overall child dietary intake)
Maddison, R. et al. [27] (2014) (NZ)TreatmentNo×
(Screen time, sedentary time, sleep, PA enjoyment, sedentary behaviour enjoyment)
Rush, E. et al. [26] (2012) (NZ)PreventionYes×
(BMI, %BF)a
Rush, R. et al. [25] (2014) (NZ)PreventionNoNRcNR
  1. MPI Māori and Pacific Islander, NZ New Zealand, BMI Body mass index, WC Waist circumference, HbA1c Glycated haemoglobin, CV Cardiovascular, PA Physical activity, BP Blood pressure, BF Body fat, FFM Fat-free mass, FM Fat mass
  2. aResults consistent in sub-group analysis of Māori and Pacific Islander participants
  3. bAssessed by a 550-m walk/run time
  4. cNot reported: authors did not report effect significance