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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics comparison of the NG and RDG

From: Factors influencing cognitive reactivity among young adults at high risk for depression in China: a cross-sectional study

Variables Total% NG
(n = 1103) n%
RDG (n = 494) n% χ2 p
Residential area 17.65 < 0.001
 Northeast area 12.52 120 (10.89) 80 (16.19)
 East area 37.13 460 (41.70) 133 (26.92)
 North area 14.84 127 (11.51) 110 (22.27)
 South-central area 11.77 118 (10.70) 70 (14.17)
 Southwest area 10.46 117 (10.60) 50 (10.12)
 Northwest area 13.27 161 (14.60) 51 (10.33)
Sex
 Male 22.79 241 (21.85) 122 (24.70) 2.43 0.30
 Female 77.21 862 (78.15) 372 (75.30)
Residential location
 Urban 50.22 524 (47.51) 278 (56.28) 12.41 < 0.001
 Suburban 10.90 118 (10.70) 56 (11.34)
 Rural 38.89 461 (41.79) 160 (32.38)
Religious belief
 No 83.47 926 (83.95) 407 (82.39) 0.73 0.39
 Yes 16.53 177 (16.05) 87 (17.61)
Education level
 Less than high school degree 4.44 50 (4.53) 21 (4.25) 4.51 0.11
 High school degree (including
 technical training)
10.71 130 (11.79) 41 (8.30)
 Bachelor’s degree or higher 84.85 923 (83.68) 432 (87.45)
Monthly household income (yuan, RMB)
  < 1000 24.05 341 (30.92) 43 (8.70) 14.92 < 0.001
 1000–2999 20.16 184 (16.68) 138 (27.94)
 3000–4999 28.18 310 (28.11) 140 (28.34)
 5000+ 27.61 268 (24.29) 173 (35.02)
Employment status
 Students 41.08 490 (44.42) 166 (33.60) 25.44 < 0.001
 Full-time employment 50.09 513 (46.51) 287 (58.10)
 Unemployment 0.88 6 (0.55) 8 (1.62)
 Farmer 0.69 7 (0.63) 4 (0.81)
 Other (e.g., retired, homemaker) 7.26 87 (7.89) 29 (5.87)
Marital status
 Married 35.38 382 (34.63) 183 (37.04) 2.14 0.71
 Unmarried 63.12 705 (63.92) 303 (61.34)
 Others (e.g., divorced, widowed) 1.5 16 (1.45) 8 (1.62)
Family history of mental illness
 No 90.61 1034 (93.74) 429 (86.84) 25.17 < 0.001
 Unclear 7.58 65 (5.90) 56 (11.34)
 Yes 0.81 4 (0.36) 9 (1.82)
Living mode
 Living by oneself 17.66 208 (18.85) 74 (14.98) 4.96 0.17
 Living with spouse 13.21 177 (16.05) 34 (6.88)
 Living with family 45.96 507 (45.97) 227 (45.95)
 Others 23.17 211 (19.13) 159 (32.19)
Smoking status
 Yes 8.14 84 (7.62) 46 (9.31) 1.73 0.42
 No 91.86 1019 (92.38) 448 (90.69)
The frequency of sad mood in the past month
 None 12.46 168 (15.32) 31 (6.27) 111.51 < 0.001
 Occasionally 54.35 639 (57.93) 229 (46.36)
 Sometimes 22.67 230 (20.85) 132 (26.72)
 Often 9.20 53 (4.82) 94 (19.03)
 Always 1.31 13 (1.18) 8 (1.62)
Sleep quality
 Very good 27.80 345 (31.28) 99 (20.04) 65.30 < 0.001
 Good 32.74 381 (34.54) 142 (28.74)
 Average 31.68 323 (29.28) 183 (37.04)
 Bad 6.95 49 (4.45) 62 (12.55)
 Very bad 0.69 5 (0.45) 8 (1.63)
BMI (kg/m2)
  < 18.5 (underweight) 16.22 181 (16.41) 75 (15.18) 2.29 0.32
 18.5–24.9 (normal weight) 64.93 723 (65.55) 314 (63.56)
  ≥ 25 (overweight) 19.04 199 (18.04) 105 (21.26)
Self-compassion
 Low 90.11 989 (89.66) 450 (91.09) 45.24 < 0.001
 High 10.21 114 (10.34) 49 (8.91)
Resilience
 Low 51.70 560 (50.77) 266 (53.85) 13.70 < 0.001
 High 48.30 587 (49.23) 184 (46.15)
Social support
 Low 12.60 151 (13.70) 51 (10.32) 69.30 < 0.001
 Middle 44.40 433 (39.26) 270 (54.67)
 High 43.00 563 (51.04) 129 (126.11)
Neuroticism
 Low 94.18 1075 (71.50) 429 (86.84) 70.16 < 0.001
 High 5.82 28 (30.10) 65 (13.16)
Intensity of positive life events
 Low 81.09 944 (85.58) 351 (71.05) 46.99 < 0.001
 High 18.91 159 (14.42) 143 (28.95)
Intensity of negative life events
 Low 68.25 811 (73.53) 279 (56.48) 45.77 < 0.001
 High 31.74 292 (26.47) 215 (43.52)
  1. Note: Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, NG normal group, RDG risk for depression group