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Table 3 Factors associated with unsuccessful treatment outcomes (death and treatment failure), n = 1597

From: Tuberculosis treatment outcomes among prisoners and general population in Zomba, Malawi

VariableTotal (%)Treatment SuccessUnsuccessful TreatmentCrude OR
(95% CI)
P-valueAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
P-value
Sex
 Female486 (30.5)444 (91.4)42 (8.6)1   
 Male1110 (69.5)1027 (92.5)83 (7.5)1.17 (0.79–1.72)0.43  
Age0.68 (0.58–0.80)0.00
 15–24186 (11.7)180 (96.8)6 (3.2)1   
 25–34606 (38.0)566 (93.4)40 (6.6)0.47 (0.20–1.13)0.09  
 35–44472 (29.6)436 (92.4)36 (7.6)0.40 (0.17–0.97)0.04  
 45–54172 (10.8)156 (90.7)16 (9.3)0.32 (0.12–0.85)0.02  
 = > 55157 (9.9)130 (82.8)27 (17.2)0.16 (0.06–0.40)0.00  
Facility1.06 (0.62–1.79)0.82
 Zomba Central Prison446 (27.9)421 (94.4)25 (5.6)1   
 Zomba Central Hospital1151 (72.1)1051 (91.3)100 (8.7)1.60 (1.01–2.51)0.04  
TB Registration Year0.92 (0.52–1.38)0.98
 2011279 (17.5)263 (94.3)16 (5.7)1   
 2012276 (17.3)247 (89.5)29 (10.5)0.53 (0.27–1.03)0.06  
 2013241 (15.1)217 (90.0)24 (10.0)0.51 (0.26–1.00)0.05  
 2014269 (16.8)247 (90.2)22 (8.2)0.66 (0.33–1.30)0.23  
 2015249 (15.6)232 (93.2)17 (6.8)0.90 (0.43–1.88)0.78  
 2016283 (17.7)266 (94.0)17 (6.0)0.91 (0.44–1.86)0.79  
TB Form1.69 (1.08–2.63)0.01
 Pulmonary TB1214 (76.0)1130 (93.1)84 (6.9)1   
 Extra-Pulmonary TB383 (24.0)342 (89.3)41 (10.7)1.61 (1.08–2.38)0.02  
TB Category0.97 (0.67–1.40)0.88
 New1332 (83.4)1233 (92.6)99 (7.4)1   
 Relapse/ Return After Loss To Follow Up/Failed78 (4.9)76 (97.4)2 (2.6)3.04 (0.73–12.59)0.12  
 Other186 (11.7)162 (87.0)24 (13.0)0.54 (0.33–0 .87)0.01  
HIV Status0.63 (0.42–0.94)0.02
 Negative518 (32.4)497 (96.0)21 (4.0)1   
 Positive1042 (65.3)944 (90.6)98 (9.4)0.40 (0.25–0.66)0.00