Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographics and influencing factors for low and high-risk alcohol consumption

From: Influences of club connectedness among young adults in Western Australian community-based sports clubs

  Low-risk
N (%)
High-risk
N (%)
Total
N (%)
P value
Sport     p = .020*
 AFL 19 (16.4) 21 (38.2) 40 (23.4)  
 Hockey 21 (18.1) 4 (7.3) 25 (14.6)  
 Netball 22 (19) 9 (16.4) 31 (18.1)  
 Soccer 13 (11.2) 4 (7.3) 17 (9.9)  
 Ultimate Frisbee 12 (10.3) 2 (3.6) 14 (8.2)  
 Other*** 29 (25) 15 (27.3) 44 (25.7)  
 Total 116 55 171  
Gender     p = .001*
 Male 34 (29.3) 33 (60.0) 67 (39.2)  
 Female 81 (69.8) 22 (40.0) 103 (60.2)  
 Other 1 (0.9) 0 1 (.06)  
 Total 116 55 171  
Age     p = .966
 18–24 years 67 (57.8) 31 (57.4) 98 (57.6)  
 25–30 years 49 (42.2) 23 (42.6) 72 (42.4)  
 Total 116 54 170  
Location     p = .329
 Metro 110 (94.8) 50 (90.9) 160 (93.6)  
 Regional/rural 6 (5.2) 5 (9.1) 11 (6.4)  
 Total 116 55 171  
Student status     p = .014*
 Non-student 44 (37.9) 28 (50.9) 72 (42.1)  
 University – full-time 59 (50.9) 21 (38.2) 80 (46.8)  
 University – part-time 12 (10.3) 1 (1.8) 13 (7.6)  
 TAFE – full-time 0 (0) 1 (1.8) 1 (0.6)  
 TAFE – part-time 0 (0) 2 (3.6) 2 (1.2)  
 Other 1 (0.9) 2 (3.6) 3 (1.8)  
 Total 116 55 171  
Length of club membership     p = .303
 Less than 1 year 26 (22.4) 6 (10.9) 32 (18.7)  
 1–2 years 30 (25.9) 15 (27.3) 45 (26.3)  
 3–5 years 28 (24.1) 14 (25.5) 42 (24.6)  
 More than 5 years 32 (27.6) 20 (36.4) 52 (30.4)  
 Total 116 55 171  
Volunteer roles     p = .437
 Yes 58 (50.0) 31 (56.4) 89 (52.0)  
 No 58 (50.0) 24 (43.6) 82 (48.0)  
 Total 116 55 171  
Alcohol-related sponsorship     p = .019*
 Yes 22 (19.5) 21 (38.9) 43 (25.7)  
 No 68 (60.2) 22 (40.7) 90 (53.9)  
 Unsure 23 (20.4) 11 (20.4) 34 (20.4)  
 Total 113 54 167  
Non-alcohol related sponsorship     p = .229
 Yes 60 (53.1) 36 (66.7) 96 (57.5)  
 No 21 (18.6) 6 (11.1) 27 (16.2)  
 Unsure 32 (28.3) 12 (22.2) 44 (26.3)  
 Total 113 54 167  
Experienced harm M 1.9 M 4.0 M 2.6 p < .001**
SD 3.5 SD 3.7 SD 3.7  
CI 1.3–2.6 CI 2.9–5.0 CI 2.1–3.2  
Second-hand harm M 1.5 M 1.39 M 1.5 p = .199
SD 3.5 SD 1.9 SD 3.1  
CI 0.8–2.2 CI 0.8–1.9 CI 1.0–1.9  
Witnessed harm M 1.9 M 2.3 M 2.1 p = .403
SD 4.4 SD 3.8 SD 4.2  
CI 1.2–2.8 CI 1.2–3.3 CI 1.4–2.7  
Alcohol expectations M 20.7 M 22.9 M 21.4 p = .005*
SD 4.6 SD 3.4 SD 4.4  
CI 19.8–21.6 CI 21.9–23.8 CI 20.7–22.1  
Club connectedness M 21.4 M 21.8 M 21.5 p = .143
SD 3.1 SD 3.4 SD 3.1  
CI 20.8–21.9 CI 20.9–22.8 CI 21.1–21.9  
Team cohesion (GEQ) M 117.7 M 124.0 M 118.6 p = .043*
SD 21.8 SD 24.8 SD 23.1  
CI 113.5–121.9 CI 117.3–130.7 CI 115.3–121.9  
Individual attractions to the Group-Social (ATG-S) M 32.6 M 35.3 M 33.5 p = 0.034*
SD 7.4 SD 8.6 SD 7.9  
CI 31.2–33.9 CI 32.9–37.7 CI 32.3–34.7  
Individual attractions to the Group-Task (ATG-T) M 29.4 M 29.8 M 29.6 p = 0.722
SD 5.32 SD 6.9 SD 5.9  
CI 28.5–30.4 CI 27.7–31.6 CI 28.7–30.4  
Group Integration Task (GI-T) M 33.1 M 34.1 M 33.4 p = 0.416
SD 7.3 SD 7.0 SD 7.2  
CI 31.7–34.4 CI 32.2–35.9 CI 32.3–34.5  
Group Integration-Social (GI-S) M 22.4 M 24.9 M 23.2 p = 0.14
SD 6.1 SD 6.4 SD 6.3  
CI 21.2–23.5 CI 23.1–26.6 CI 22.2–24.11  
Mental Wellbeing M 52.7 M 53.1 M 52.3 p = .782
SD 8.5 SD 7.5 SD 8.7  
CI 51.2–54.3 CI 50.9–55.1 CI 51.1–53.6  
  1. *. p < 0.05 level
  2. **. p < 0.01 level
  3. ***Other = American football, basketball, bouldering, cheerleading, cricket, floorball, gymnastics, judo, polocrosse, Quidditch, rowing, Rugby League, Rugby Union, softball, street roller hockey, swimming, taekwondo, tennis, volleyball and water polo