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Table 5 Characteristics associated with the health system delaya

From: Delays in diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis within a context of medium incidence, Medellín, Colombia, 2017: an operational research

CharacteristicsHRc (95%CI)Value pHRa (95% CI)bValue p
Age (years)
  < 60Ref.    
  ≥ 601.05(0.72–1.52)0.8131.08(0.72–1.62)0.719
Gender
 MaleRef.    
 Female0.84(0.63–1.13)0.2511.00(0.74–1.34)0.976
Marital status
 Married - common-lawRef. 
 Single-separated-widowed1.52(1.12–2.06)0.008
Health insurance
 OtherRef. 
 Subsidized1.87(1.37–2.54)0.000
Homelessc
 NoRef. 
 Yes3.52(1.53–8.13)0.003
Tobacco
 No tobacco useRef. 
 Past tobacco use1.45(0.99–2.11)0.051
 Current tobacco use1.81(1.22–2.69)0.003
PAS Consumption
 NoRef. 
 Former consumer1.34(0.66–2.74)0.423
 Currently1.84(1.16–2.93)0.010
Haemoptysis
 NoRef. 
 Yes0.73(0.50–1.06)0.103
AFB
 PositiveRef.    
 Negative0.57(0.40–0.81)0.0020.64(0.45–0.92)0.015
Close contact with TB patient
 NoRef. 
 Yes1.61(1.13–2.28)0.008
Medical consultations before Dx
  ≤ 2Ref.    
  > 20.25(0.18–0.36)0.0000.33(0.22–0.49)0.000
AFB as HCP conduct
 NoRef.    
 Yes1.87(1.38–2.53)0.0001.46(1.05–2.02)0.025
Chest X-ray as HCP conduct
 NoRef. 
 Yes1.48(1.09–2.00)0.011
Hx HCP conduct
 NoRef.    
 Yes3.76(2.43–5.84)0.0002.44(1.53–3.89)0.000
Antibiotics as HCP conduct
 NoRef. 
 Yes0.81(0.54–1.21)0.301
Antitussives as HCP conduct
 NoRef. 
 Yes0.57(0.41–0.81)0.001
  1. HRc crude hazard ratio; 95%CI confidence interval at 95%; HRa adjusted hazard ratio; PAS psychoactive substances; AFB acid-fast bacilli; Dx diagnosis; HCP health care provider; Hx hospitalization
  2. a The end point for health system delay was the start of treatment
  3. b Estimations adjusted for age, gender, AFB smear, medical consultations before Dx, AFB smear as HCP conduct and Hx as HCP conduct
  4. c Institutionalized in municipal shelter