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Table 4 Characteristics associated with patient delaya

From: Delays in diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis within a context of medium incidence, Medellín, Colombia, 2017: an operational research

CharacteristicsHRc (95%CI)Value pHRa (95% CI)bValue p
Age (years)
  < 60Ref. Ref. 
  ≥ 601.08(0.74–1.57)0.6811.09(0.73–1.63)0.679
Gender
 MaleRef. Ref. 
 Female1.27(0.95–1.70)0.1101.09(0.80–1.49)0.568
Educational level
 SuperiorRef. Ref. 
 Basic-medium0.63(0.46–0.86)0.0030.69(0.49–0.97)0.034
Socioeconomic level
 Medium-highRef. 
 Low0.73(0.47–1.14)0.169
Health insurance
 OtherRef. 
 Subsidized0.69(0.51–0.94)0.017
Work status
 EmployedRef. 
 Unemployed0.82(0.60–1.13)0.230
Health care worker
 NoRef. 
 Yes1.92(1.04–3.56)0.037
PAS Consumption
 NoRef. Ref. 
 Former consumer0.60(0.29–1.22)0.1590.73(0.35–1.54)0.413
 Currently0.55(0.35–0.87)0.0110.62(0.38–1.01)0.056
Medical history diabetes
 NoRef. 
 Yes0.69(0.44–1.07)0.095
Close contact with TB patient
 NoRef. Ref. 
 Yes0.66(0.47–0.93)0.0190.68(0.48–0.96)0.030
  1. HRc crude hazard ratio; 95%CI confidence interval at 95%; HRa adjusted hazard ratio; PAS psychoactive substances; AFB acid-fast bacilli; Dx diagnosis; HCP health care provider; Hx hospitalization
  2. a The end point for patient delay was the first contact with a health care provider
  3. b Estimations adjusted for age, gender, educational level, PAS consumption, and close contact with TB patient