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Table 5 Comparison of the mean scores of the Attitude’s domains before and after the intervention in the two groups

From: A sex education program for teachers of preschool children: a quasi-experimental study in Iran

Domains (score range)GroupBefore intervention
Mean ± SDa
After intervention
Mean ± SDa
Paired t-testEffect sizePc
Principles of sexual education (4–20)Experimental Control13.12 ± 2.8 13.75 ± 2.8 Pb = 0.3216.95 ± 1.2 13.47 ± 2.3 Pb < 0.001P < 0.001 p = 0.173.79<0.001
Sexual identity (3–15)Experimental Control11.97 ± 1.3 11.37 ± 1.5 Pb = 0.312.95 ± 0.9 11.1 ± 1.4 Pb < 0.001P < 0.001 P = 0.211.17<0.001
Sexual development stages and correct approaches for sex education (8–40)Experimental Control28.67 ± 3.4 29.3 ± 2.7 Pb = 0.3734.25 ± 2.4 29.3 ± 3 Pb < 0.001P < 0.001 P = 15.34<0.001
Children’s sexual questions (5–25)Experimental Control19.45 ± 1.9 20 ± 2.4 Pb = 0.2321.15 ± 1.4 19.87 ± 2.1 Pb = 0.002P < 0.001 P = 0.41.64<0.001
Masturbation in children (3–15)Experimental Control9.3 ± 2.2 9 ± 1.32 Pb = 0.5912.82 ± 1.1 8.67 ± 1.62 Pb < 0.001P < 0.001 P = 0.034.05<0.001
Child sexual abuse (3–15)Experimental Control11.57 ± 2.1 11.72 ± 1.8 Pb = 0.7312.55 ± 1.3 11.57 ± 1.9 Pb = 0.001P < 0.001 P = 0.41.06<0.001
  1. aStandard Deviation bIndependent- samples t- test cANCOVA
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