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Table 5 The association between weight perception at 21–23 years and mean General Health Questionnaire score at 21–23 years

From: Weight misperception and psychological symptoms from adolescence to young adulthood: longitudinal study of an ethnically diverse UK cohort

   Model 1a   Model 2b  
  N (%) β (95% CI) P>|z| β (95% CI) P >|z|
Weight perception (vs. P. normal weight - M. normal weight)
 P. normal weight - M. normal weight§ 234 (39) 1   1  
 P. overweight - M. overweight 154 (26) 2.36 (1.12, 3.59) < 0.001 2.40 (1.16, 3.62) < 0.001
 P. discordant - M. normal weight 119 (20) 1.30 (−0.04, 2.64) 0.057 1.10 (−0.26, 2.45) 0.112
 P. discordant - M. overweight 84 (14) −1.17 (−2.71, 0.37) 0.135 −1.25 (−2.79, 0.29) 0.112
 Age (vs. 21y)   −0.16 (− 0.78, 0.46) 0.620 − 0.15 (− 0.77, 0.47) 0.645
 Female (vs. male)   1.70 (0.70,2.69) < 0.001 1.90 (0.89, 2.90) < 0.001
Ethnicity (vs. White UK)
 Black Caribbean     −0.70 (−2.39, 1.00) 0.420
 Black African     −1.58 (−3.18, 0.03) 0.054
 Indian     −1.10 (−2.86, 0.65) 0.218
 Pakistani/Bangladeshi     0.67 (−0.98, 2.32) 0.424
 Others     −1.58 (− 3.23, 0.07) 0.060
Not educated to degree level (vs. yes)     1.06 (0.03, 2.09) 0.044
  1. § Percentages do not add up to 100 due to missing values
  2. aModel 1: coefficients were estimated with linear-mixed models with adjustment on age and gender
  3. bModel 2: same as model 1 + adjustment for ethnicity and educational level