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Table 2 Socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics of the study population by HIV risk perception, Manicaland, Zimbabwe, 2003–2013

From: Relationships between changes in HIV risk perception and condom use in East Zimbabwe 2003–2013: population-based longitudinal analyses

  Males (N = 4776) Females (N = 9353)
Total Risk perception Total Risk perception
  N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age     
 15–24 years 774 (16.2) 132 (17.1) 1532 (16.4) 652 (42.6)
 25–54 years 4002 (83.8) 488 (12.2) 7821 (83.6) 3708 (47.4)
Marital status
 Never married 895 (18.7) 164 (18.3) 288 (3.08) 128 (44.4)
 Married 3653 (76.5) 406 (11.1) 7462 (79.8) 3745 (50.2)
 Separated/divorced 182 (3.81) 42 (23.1) 606 (6.48) 214 (35.3)
 Widowed 46 (0.96) 8 (17.4) 997 (10.7) 273 (27.4)
School enrolment
 Not enrolled 4681 (98) 605 (12.9) 9287 (99.3) 4325 (46.6)
 Currently enrolled 94 (1.97) 14 (14.9) 66 (0.71) 35 (53)
Education
 None/primary 1107 (23.2) 118 (10.7) 3801 (40.6) 1726 (45.4)
 Secondary/higher 3661 (76.7) 501 (13.7) 5453 (58.3) 2595 (47.6)
Wealth index quintile
 Poorest 679 (14.2) 85 (12.5) 1434 (15.3) 667 (46.5)
 2nd poorest 2126 (44.5) 271 (12.7) 4506 (48.2) 2053 (45.6)
 3rd poorest 1397 (29.3) 186 (13.3) 2481 (26.5) 1202 (48.4)
 4th poorest 516 (10.8) 72 (14) 806 (8.62) 396 (49.1)
 Least poor 40 (0.84) 4 (10) 76 (0.81) 26 (34.2)
HIV testing in past 3 years
 No 3544 (74.2) 458 (12.9) 4789 (51.2) 2320 (48.4)
 Yes 1216 (25.5) 156 (12.8) 4518 (48.3) 2015 (44.6)
STD symptoms in past 12 months
 No 4600 (96.3) 593 (12.9) 8593 (91.9) 3869 (45)
 Yes 174 (3.64) 27 (15.5) 695 (7.43) 468 (67.3)
Sexual risk factorsa
 None 3048 (63.8) 277 (9.1) 8705 (93.1) 4030 (46.3)
 1 897 (18.8) 154 (17.2) 511 (5.46) 257 (50.3)
 2+ 797 (16.7) 186 (23.3) 78 (0.83) 44 (56.4)
Partner has other partners
 No 4577 (95.8) 576 (12.6) 7740 (82.8) 3383 (43.7)
 Yes 184 (3.85) 42 (22.8) 1474 (15.8) 938 (63.6)
Condom use during last sex
 No 3812 (79.8) 434 (11.4) 8385 (89.7) 3920 (46.8)
 SYes 964 (20.2) 186 (19.3) 968 (10.3) 440 (45.5)
  1. Values are: Sample sizes (N) and relative sizes in percent (%) of the different categories of variables and, among each of these categories, the number of people and proportion perceiving a risk for HIV infection. Values may not add up to 100% due to rounding. Statistics are based on all observations (multiple observation per participant are treated as independent observations), so sample sizes are higher compared to regression analyses as unit of analysis for regressions was the survey pair. Details on measures are provided in Additional file 1, section 1.
  2. a Sexual risk factors were: Reporting more than one sexual partner in the past 12 months; reporting at least one non-regular sexual partner in the past 3 years; and reporting being in more than one sexual relationship at the moment