Skip to main content

Table 2 The accuracy and scores of knowledge and behavior before and after health education % (n)

From: The effect of health education on knowledge and behavior toward respiratory infectious diseases among students in Gansu, China: a quasi-natural experiment

KindsItemsBefore health educationAfter health educationP1P2P3P4Changes
Intervention group (n = 1064)Control group (n = 1018)Intervention group (n = 1001)Control group (n = 1001)Intervention groupControl group
RID knowledgek1. Which of the following are infectious diseases?15.70 (167)13.07 (133)96.70 (968)33.77 (338)0.090.00***0.00***0.00***81.0183.64
k2. What’s the transmission way of the mumps?61.75 (657)40.47 (412)41.36 (414)1.20 (12)0.300.00***0.00***0.69−20.390.89
k3. What methods can prevent mumps?21.52 (229)16.60 (169)97.30 (974)28.87 (289)0.00**0.00***0.00***0.00***75.7880.70
k4. What’s the transmission way of the TB?76.60 (815)69.65 (709)99.40 (995)80.42 (805)0.00***0.00***0.00***0.00***22.8029.76
k5. What are the symptoms of TB?82.43 (877)74.95 (763)99.90 (1000)88.81 (889)0.00***0.00***0.00***0.00***17.4824.95
k6. Whether the examination and treatment of TB is free in China?9.96 (106)80.94 (91)38.26 (383)13.79 (138)0.450.00***0.00***0.00**28.30−42.68
k7. Can the TB be cured?71.81 (764)62.28 (634)96.00 (961)74.93 (750)0.00***0.00***0.00***0.00***24.2033.73
k8. What’s the transmission way of the flu?56.67 (603)57.27 (583)94.51 (946)52.15 (522)0.790.00***0.00***0.02*37.8337.24
k9. What methods can prevent flu?22.37 (238)16.01 (163)16.78 (168)11.99 (120)0.00***0.00**0.00***0.64−5.59−40.49
Scores of knowledge towards infectious diseases (x̄±s)3.95 ± 1.493.59 ± 1.566.35 ± 0.764.31 ± 1.530.210.000***0.00***0.42
RID behaviorsb1. Do you wash your hands before having a meal?48.40 (515)34.48 (351)67.43 (675)38.86 (389)0.00***0.00***0.00***0.04*19.0332.95
b2. Do you wash your hands after you go to the toilet?58.18 (619)44.60 (454)71.83 (719)48.85 (489)0.00***0.00***0.00***0.0613.6527.23
b3. If you have phlegm, how do you usually deal with it?86.75 (923)81.14 (826)98.70 (988)89.11 (892)0.070.00***0.00***0.00***11.9517.56
b4. Whether you cover your nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing?48.40 (515)38.41 (391)71.33 (714)47.75 (478)0.00***0.00***0.00***0.00***22.9332.92
b5. If you found you have a fever in school, what should you do?25.38 (270)13.95 (142)64.04 (641)17.58 (176)0.00***0.00***0.00***0.03*38.6650.09
b6. If you suspect yourself having TB, where will you go to see a doctor?15.70 (167)13.95 (142)49.05 (491)11.79 (118)0.250.00***0.00***0.1533.3635.10
Scores of behaviors towards infectious diseases (x̄±s)2.85 ± 1.362.30 ± 1.374.223 ± 1.4432.56 ± 1.330.450.02*0.01*0.62
  1. P1 was the p-values of the comparison of knowledge and behavior towards RID between the intervention and control groups before health education; P2 was the p-values of the comparison of knowledge and behavior towards RID between the intervention and control groups after health education; P3 was the p-values of the comparison of knowledge and behavior towards RID of intervention group before-after health education; P4 was the p-values of the comparison of knowledge and behavior towards RID of control group before-after health education
  2. Inference: *** p < 0.001; ** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05
\