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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of predictors of a fully assisted HIV self-test

From: Uptake and acceptability of assisted and unassisted HIV self-testing among men who purchase sex in brothels in Indonesia: a pilot intervention study

Predictors Total (n)
(N = 186)
Preferred fully assisted HIV self-test Bivariate analysis of predictors of preferring a fully assisted HIV self-test Multivariate analysis of predictors of preferring a fully assisted HIV self-test
n (%) OR (95%CI) P value OR (95%CI) P value
Highest level of education
 None/primary/junior high school 95 81 (85.3) 1    
 Senior high school/TAFE/ degree 91 73 (80.2) 0.7 (0.3–1.5) 0.364   
Ethnicity
 Other 27 22 (81.5) 1    
 Balinese 72 62 (86.1) 1.4 (0.4–4.6) 0.568   
 Javanese 87 70 (80.5) 1 (0.3–2.8) 0.906   
Had ever married
 Yes 139 114 (82) 1    
 No 47 40 (85.1) 1.2 (0.5–3.1) 0.628   
Sexual behaviour
Number regular sexual partners* last year 186 154 1.5 (0.7–2.9) 0.270   
Number casual sexual partners* last year 186 154 0.8 (0.6–1.2) 0.250   
Number FSWs# sexual partners last year 186 154 1 (1–1) 0.319   
Condom use at last sex with FSWs#
 Yes 92 76 (82.6) 1   1  
 No 64 58 (90.6) 2 (0.8–5.5) 0.163 1.8 (0.7–5) 0.257
 Missing 30 20 (66.7) 0.4 (0.2–1.1) 0.069 0.5 (0.2–1.2) 0.112
Had ever been tested for HIV
 Yes 23 17 (74) 0.5 (0.2–1.5) 0.234   
 No 163 137 (84.1) 1    
Barriers to HIV testing at a clinic:
 I do not know where to go
  No 130 103 (79.2) 1   1  
  Yes 56 51 (91.1) 2.7 (1–7.4) 0.057 1.8 (0.6–5.2) 0.295
 I do not have time to go to the clinic
  No 125 100 (80) 1    
  Yes 61 54 (88.5) 1.9 (0. 8–4.7) 0.153   
 It’s too far
  No 119 94 (79) 1   1  
  Yes 67 60 (89.6) 2.3 (0.9–5.6) 0.072 2.2 (0.9–5.4) 0.097
 Embarrassed discussing my sex life
  No 109 90 (82.6) 1    
  Yes 77 64 (83.1) 1 (0.5–2.3) 0.922   
 Embarrassed to ask for an HIV test
  No 72 56 (77.8) 1    
  Yes 114 98 (86) 1.8 (0.8–3.8) 0.153   
 Anxious when waiting for results
  No 128 100 (78.1) 1   1  
  Yes 58 54 (93.1) 3.8 (1.3–11.3) 0.018 3.8 (1.3–11.3) 0.018
 Embarrassed to be seen at clinic
  No 130 106 (81.5) 1    
  Yes 56 48 (85.7) 1.4 (0.6–3.2) 0.490   
 Concern over the confidentiality
  No 131 105 (80.2) 1    
  Yes 55 49 (89.1) 2 (0. 8–5.2) 0.146   
 Too afraid of having blood taken
  No 108 86 (79.6) 1    
  Yes 78 68 (87.2) 1.7 (0.8–3.9) 0.182   
 Fear of being diagnosed with HIV
  No 112 88 (78.6) 1   1  
  Yes 74 66 (89.2) 2.3 (1–5.3) 0.065 1.4 (0.5–3.8) 0.473
 I am feeling healthy
  No 107 91 (85.1) 1    
  Yes 79 63 (79.8) 0.7 (0.3–1.5) 0.345   
Location of the brothel
 cluster 1 42 28 (66.7) 1    
 cluster 2 21 21 (100) 1   
 cluster 3 15 13 (80) 2 (0.5–8.3) 0.338   
 cluster 4 27 27 (100) 1   
 cluster 5 17 17 (100) 1   
 cluster 6 49 40 (81.6) 2.2 (0.8–5.8) 0.105   
 cluster 7 15 9 (60) 0.8 (0.2–2.5) 0.643   
  1. * non-FSW
  2. # Brothel-based