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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of predictors of a fully assisted HIV self-test

From: Uptake and acceptability of assisted and unassisted HIV self-testing among men who purchase sex in brothels in Indonesia: a pilot intervention study

Predictors

Total (n)

(N = 186)

Preferred fully assisted HIV self-test

Bivariate analysis of predictors of preferring a fully assisted HIV self-test

Multivariate analysis of predictors of preferring a fully assisted HIV self-test

n (%)

OR (95%CI)

P value

OR (95%CI)

P value

Highest level of education

 None/primary/junior high school

95

81 (85.3)

1

   

 Senior high school/TAFE/ degree

91

73 (80.2)

0.7 (0.3–1.5)

0.364

  

Ethnicity

 Other

27

22 (81.5)

1

   

 Balinese

72

62 (86.1)

1.4 (0.4–4.6)

0.568

  

 Javanese

87

70 (80.5)

1 (0.3–2.8)

0.906

  

Had ever married

 Yes

139

114 (82)

1

   

 No

47

40 (85.1)

1.2 (0.5–3.1)

0.628

  

Sexual behaviour

Number regular sexual partners* last year

186

154

1.5 (0.7–2.9)

0.270

  

Number casual sexual partners* last year

186

154

0.8 (0.6–1.2)

0.250

  

Number FSWs# sexual partners last year

186

154

1 (1–1)

0.319

  

Condom use at last sex with FSWs#

 Yes

92

76 (82.6)

1

 

1

 

 No

64

58 (90.6)

2 (0.8–5.5)

0.163

1.8 (0.7–5)

0.257

 Missing

30

20 (66.7)

0.4 (0.2–1.1)

0.069

0.5 (0.2–1.2)

0.112

Had ever been tested for HIV

 Yes

23

17 (74)

0.5 (0.2–1.5)

0.234

  

 No

163

137 (84.1)

1

   

Barriers to HIV testing at a clinic:

 I do not know where to go

  No

130

103 (79.2)

1

 

1

 

  Yes

56

51 (91.1)

2.7 (1–7.4)

0.057

1.8 (0.6–5.2)

0.295

 I do not have time to go to the clinic

  No

125

100 (80)

1

   

  Yes

61

54 (88.5)

1.9 (0. 8–4.7)

0.153

  

 It’s too far

  No

119

94 (79)

1

 

1

 

  Yes

67

60 (89.6)

2.3 (0.9–5.6)

0.072

2.2 (0.9–5.4)

0.097

 Embarrassed discussing my sex life

  No

109

90 (82.6)

1

   

  Yes

77

64 (83.1)

1 (0.5–2.3)

0.922

  

 Embarrassed to ask for an HIV test

  No

72

56 (77.8)

1

   

  Yes

114

98 (86)

1.8 (0.8–3.8)

0.153

  

 Anxious when waiting for results

  No

128

100 (78.1)

1

 

1

 

  Yes

58

54 (93.1)

3.8 (1.3–11.3)

0.018

3.8 (1.3–11.3)

0.018

 Embarrassed to be seen at clinic

  No

130

106 (81.5)

1

   

  Yes

56

48 (85.7)

1.4 (0.6–3.2)

0.490

  

 Concern over the confidentiality

  No

131

105 (80.2)

1

   

  Yes

55

49 (89.1)

2 (0. 8–5.2)

0.146

  

 Too afraid of having blood taken

  No

108

86 (79.6)

1

   

  Yes

78

68 (87.2)

1.7 (0.8–3.9)

0.182

  

 Fear of being diagnosed with HIV

  No

112

88 (78.6)

1

 

1

 

  Yes

74

66 (89.2)

2.3 (1–5.3)

0.065

1.4 (0.5–3.8)

0.473

 I am feeling healthy

  No

107

91 (85.1)

1

   

  Yes

79

63 (79.8)

0.7 (0.3–1.5)

0.345

  

Location of the brothel

 cluster 1

42

28 (66.7)

1

   

 cluster 2

21

21 (100)

1

  

 cluster 3

15

13 (80)

2 (0.5–8.3)

0.338

  

 cluster 4

27

27 (100)

1

  

 cluster 5

17

17 (100)

1

  

 cluster 6

49

40 (81.6)

2.2 (0.8–5.8)

0.105

  

 cluster 7

15

9 (60)

0.8 (0.2–2.5)

0.643

  
  1. * non-FSW
  2. # Brothel-based