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Table 2 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of predictors of accepting a HIV self-test

From: Uptake and acceptability of assisted and unassisted HIV self-testing among men who purchase sex in brothels in Indonesia: a pilot intervention study

Predictors Total (n)
(N = 288)
Accepted HIV self-test
n (%)
Bivariate analysis of predictors of accepting a HIV self-test Multivariate analysis of predictors of accepting a HIV self-test
OR (95%CI) P value OR (95%CI) P value
Highest level of education
 None/primary/junior high school 153 95 (62.1) 1    
 Senior high school/TAFE/ degree 135 91 (67.4) 1.3 (0.8–2.1) 0.347   
Ethnicity
 Other 46 27 (58.7) 1    
 Balinese 110 72 (65.5) 1.3 (0.7–2.7) 0.425   
 Javanese 132 87 (65.9) 1.4 (0.7–2.9) 0.381   
Had ever married
 Yes 222 139 (62.6) 1    
 No 66 47 (71.2) 1.5 (0.8–2.7) 0.201   
Sexual behaviour
Number regular sexual partners* last year 288 186 0.8 (0.5–1.2) 0.214   
Number casual sexual partners* last year 288 186 1.0 (0.9–1.2) 0.736   
Number FSWs# sexual partners last year 288 186 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 0.211   
Condom use at last sex with FSWs#
 Yes 145 92 (63.5) 1    
 No 99 64 (64.7) 1.1 (0.6–1.8) 0.848   
 Missing 44 30 (68.2) 1.2 (0.6–2.5) 0.566   
Had ever been tested for HIV
 Yes 34 23 (67.7) 1.2 (0.5–2.5) 0.691   
 No 254 163 (64.2) 1    
Barriers to HIV testing at a clinic:
 I do not know where to go
  No 197 130 (66) 1    
  Yes 91 56 (61.5) 0.8 (0.5–1.4) 0.463   
 I do not have time to go to the clinic
  No 198 125 (63.1) 1    
  Yes 90 61 (67.8) 1.2 (0.7–2.1) 0.445   
 It’s too far
  No 188 119 (63.3) 1    
  Yes 100 67 (67) 1.2 (0.7–2) 0.532   
 Embarrassed discussing my sex life
  No 174 109 (62.6) 1    
  Yes 114 77 (67.5) 1.2 (0.8–2) 0.395   
 Embarrassed to ask for an HIV test
  No 122 72 (59) 1   1  
  Yes 166 114 (68.7) 1.5 (0.9–2.5) 0.091 1.8 (1.1–2.9) 0.030
 Anxious when waiting for results
  No 196 128 (65.3) 1    
  Yes 92 58 (63) 0.9 (0.5–1.5) 0.708   
 Embarrassed to be seen at clinic
  No 198 130 (65.7) 1    
  Yes 90 56 (62.2) 0.9 (0.5–1.4) 0.572   
 Concern over the confidentiality
  No 210 131 (62.4) 1    
  Yes 78 55 (70.5) 1.4 (0.8–2.5) 0.201   
 Too afraid of having blood taken
  No 166 108 (65.1) 1    
  Yes 122 78 (63.9) 1 (0.6–1.6) 0.844   
 Fear of being diagnosed with HIV
  No 154 112 (72.7) 1   1  
  Yes 134 74 (55.2) 0.5 (0.3–0.8) 0.002 0.4 (0.3–0.7) 0.001
 I am feeling healthy
  No 102 53 (52) 1    
  Yes 186 79 (42.5) 0.7 (0.4–1.1) 0.123   
Location of the brothel
 cluster 1 59 42 (71.2) 1    
 cluster 2 33 21 (63.6) 0.7 (0.3–1.8) 0.456   
 cluster 3 25 15 (61.5) 0.6 (0.2–1.6) 0.318   
 cluster 4 40 27 (67.5) 0.8 (0.4–2) 0.695   
 cluster 5 23 17 (70.8) 1 (0.4–3.4) 0.805   
 cluster 6 81 49 (61) 0.6 (0.3–1.3) 0.192   
 cluster 7 27 15 (55.6) 0.5 (0.2–1.3) 0.158   
  1. * non-FSW
  2. # Brothel-based