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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics, sexual behaviours, and HIV testing history of MWPS

From: Uptake and acceptability of assisted and unassisted HIV self-testing among men who purchase sex in brothels in Indonesia: a pilot intervention study

Characteristics of MWPS Participated in a health survey
n (%)
(N = 292)^
Accepted HIV self-test
n (%)
(N = 188)^^
Median age (IQR) 38.5 (29.5–48) 38 (30–48)
Had ever married 223 (76.4) 140 (74.5)
Highest level of education
 None/primary/junior high school 154 (52.7) 96 (51.1)
 Senior high school/TAFE/ degree 138 (47.3) 92 (48.9)
Ethnicity
 Balinese 111 (38) 73 (38.3)
 Javanese 134 (45.9) 89 (47.3)
 Other 47 (16.1) 27 (14.4)
Barriers to HIV testing at a clinic
 Embarrassed to ask for an HIV test
  No 123 (42.6) 72 (38.7)
  Yes 166 (57.4) 114 (61.3)
 Fear of being diagnosed with HIV
  No 154 (53.3) 112 (60.2)
  Yes 135 (46.7) 74 (39.8)
 I am feeling healthy
  No 157 (54.3) 107 (57.5)
  Yes 132 (45.7) 79 (42.5)
 Too afraid of having blood taken
  No 166 (57.4) 108 (58.1)
  Yes 123 (42.6) 78 (41.9)
 Embarrassed discussing sex life
  No 175 (60.5) 109 (58.6)
  Yes 114 (39.5) 77 (41.4)
 It’s too far
  No 189 (65.4) 119 (64)
  Yes 100 (34.6) 67 (36)
 Embarrassed to be seen at the clinic
  No 199 (68.9) 130 (69.9)
  Yes 90 (31.1) 56 (30.1)
 Anxious when waiting for results
  No 197 (68.2) 128 (68.8)
  Yes 92 (31.8) 58 (31.2)
 I do not know where to go
  No 198 (68.5) 130 (69.9)
  Yes 91 (31.5) 56 (30.1)
 I do not have time to go to the clinic
  No 199 (68.9) 125 (67.2)
  Yes 90 (31.1) 61 (32.8)
 Concern over confidentiality
  No 211 (73) 131 (70.4)
  Yes 78 (27) 55 (29.6)
 Other
  No 283 (97.9) 181 (97.3)
  Yes 6 (2.1) 5 (2.7)
Had ever been tested for HIV
 No 255 (87.3) 163 (86.7)
 Yes 37 (12.7) 25 (13.3)
Had been tested for HIV in the last 12 months
 No 275 (94.2) 176 (93.6)
 Yes 17 (5.8) 12 (6.4)
Number of regular sexual partners* in the last year
 0 70 (24) 49 (26.1)
 1 or more 222 (76) 139 (73.9)
Median number of casual sexual partners in the last year (IQR) 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1)
Median number of FSWs# sexual partners in last year (IQR) 4 (2–7) 3 (2–7)
Median number of sex encounters with FSWs# in last year (IQR) 6 (2–12) 6 (2–12)
Condom used at last sex with FSW#
 No 100 (40.3) 65 (41.1)
 Yes 148 (59.7) 93 (58.9)
Location of the brothel visited
 cluster 1 59 (20.2) 42 (22.3)
 cluster 2 33 (11.3) 21 (11.2)
 cluster 3 26 (8.9) 16 (8.5)
 cluster 4 41 (14) 27 (14.4)
 cluster 5 24 (8.2) 17 (9)
 cluster 6 82 (28.1) 50 (26.6)
 cluster 7 27 (9.3) 15 (8)
  1. *non-FSW
  2. # brothel-based
  3. ^Due to nonresponses on some items, columns may not sum to 292
  4. ^^Due to nonresponses on some items, columns may not sum to 188