Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of non-smokers, former smokers, and current smokers

From: Association between dyslipidemia and blood lipids concentration with smoking habits in the Kurdish population of Iran

VariablesTotal
N=7586
(N, %)
Non-smoker
N=6075
(N, %)
Former smoker
N=541
(N, %)
Current smoker
N=970
(N, %)
P
GenderMale3871(51.02)2493(64.4)466(12.04)912(23.56)<0.001
Female3715(48.98)3582(96.42)75(2.02)58(1.56)
Age group (years)35-453941(51.95)3369(85.49)149(3.78)423(10.73)<0.001
46-552448(32.27)1855(75.78)222(9.07)371(15.16)
56-651197(15.77)851(71.09)170(14.2)176(14.7)
Marital statusSingle403(5.31)373(92.56)4(0.99)26(6.45)<0.001
Married6840(90.17)5392(78.83)525(7.68)923(13.49)
Widow/ divorced343(4.52)310(90.38)12(3.5)21(6.12)
Educational status
(Years)
Illiterate3064(40.39)2523(82.34)229(7.47)312(10.18)<0.001
1-52146(28.291655(77.12)152(7.08)339(15.8)
6-9880(11.60)665(75.57)53(6.02)162(18.41)
10-12849(11.19)676(79.62)67(7.89)106(12.49)
13≥647(8.53)556(85.94)40(6.18)51(7.88)
Wealth index1st quintile ( the poorest)1459(19.23)1195(81.91)89(6.10)175(11.99)0.664
2nd quintile1489(19.63)1174(78.84)114(7.66)201(13.50)
3rd quintile1489(19.63)1177(79.05)104(6.98)208(13.97)
4th quintile1533(20.21)1212(79.06)113(7.37)208(13.57)
5th quintile (the richest)1574(20.75)1284(81.58)118(7.50)172(10.93)
Physical activity (METs-hours per week)24-36.51987(26.19)1551(78.06)146(7.35)290(14.59)<0.001
36.6-44.93849(50.74)3291(85.50)220(5.72)338(8.78)
≥451743(22.98)1228(70.45)175(10.04)340(19.51)
BMI
kg/m2
≤18.5149(1.96)90(60.40)10(6.71)49(32.89)<0.001
18.6-24.92254(29.71)1678(74.45)173(7.68)403(17.88)
25-293266(43.05)2643(80.92)241(7.38)382(11.70)
30-34.91484(19.56)1285(86.59)95(6.40)104(7.01)
>=35383(5.05)345(90.08)17(4.44)21(5.48)
Number of cigarette per daynon- smoker6075 (79.47)---0.089
1-10549(7.18)-189(41.18)270(58.82)
10-20272(3.55)-100(36.76)172(63.24)
>20748(9.84)-221(29.55)527(70.45)
HEI1st quintile ( the unhealthy)1587(20.92)1247(78.58)121(7.62)219(13.8)0.135
2nd quintile1475(19.44)1163(78.85)100(6.78)212(14.37)
3rd quintile1546(20.38)1284(83.05)93(6.02)169(10.93)
4th quintile1699(22.40)1361(80.11)127(7.47)211(12.42)
5th quintile (the healthy)1279(16.86)1020(79.75)100(7.82)159(12.43)
Abnormal HDLNo5226(68.89)4357(83.37)367(7.02)502(9.61)<0.001
Yes2306(30.40)1677(72.72)171(7.42)458(19.86)
Abnormal LDLNo7397(97.51)5924(80.09)522(7.06)951(12.86)0.011
Yes135(1.78)110(81.48)16(11.85)9(6.67)
Abnormal TGNo6467(85.25)5216(80.66)460(7.11)791(12.23)0.001
Yes1066(14.05)819(76.83)78(7.32)169(18.85)
Abnormal CHNo6980(92.01)5599(80.21)481(6.89)900(12.89)0.001
Yes553(7.29)436(78.84)57(10.31)60(10.85)
LDL/HDL ratioMean (SD)-2.23(0.68)2.40(0.69)2.54(0.76)<0.001
Frequency-6033538959
CH/HDL ratioMean (SD)-4.06(1.09)4.28(1.08)4.54(1.21)<0.001
Frequency-6034538960
\