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Table 6 Cardiometabolic outcomes- Adults

From: Effectiveness of diet and physical activity interventions among Chinese-origin populations living in high income countries: a systematic review

   Intervention group Control group
   Baseline Post-intervention Baseline Post-intervention
  Author, year Mean SD n Mean SD n Mean SD n Mean SD n
BMI (kg/m2) Chesla 2016 29.4 3.6 25 27.5 4.5 25       
Deng 2019 23.2 3.6 50 23.86 4.5 50       
Lu 2014 25.1 3.4 98 24.7 3.3 88       
Sun 2017 24.67 2.89 16 22.77 2.71 16 25.3 2.57 16 25.59 2.56 16
Wang 2013 26.5 3 28 25.8 3 28 24.9 2 29 25 3 29
Yeh 2016 26.3 2.4 30 25.5 2.9 30 25.8 2.3 30 25.6 4.3 28
Weight (kg) Chesla 2016 78.1 12.8 25 73.0 13.6 25       
Lu 2014 64.1 9.5 98 63.2 9.4 88       
Taing 2017 66.9 9.4 78 -0.5 0.4 78       
Wang 2005 63.3 12.1 33 55.8 22.2 33       
Wang 2013 64.9 8 28 63.4 8 28 63.3 10 29 63.8 10 29
Yeh 2016 69.9 11.5 30 67.6 11.5 30 66.4 9.8 28 66 10.2 28
WC (cm) Sun 2017 86.33 8.69 16 90.17 19.71 16 85.04 6.45 16 85.62 7.44 16
Wang 2013 87 6 28 82 6 28 84 8 29 84 8 29
Yeh 2016 36.1 3.4 24 34.9 3.1 30 35.3 3.3 27 35.7 3 28
WHR              
LDL (mg/dL) Chesla 2016 114.6 36.8 25 98.8 28.7 25       
Taing 2017 3.2 0.9 74 -0.36 0.1 74       
Wang 2013 101 28 28 98 24 28 104 20 29 108 29 29
Yeh 2016 107.2 38.1 30 87.9 27.7 29 108.1 30.6 30 91.2 27.8 28
HDL (mg/dL) Wang 2013 51 14 28 52 12 28 55 16 29 54 14 29
SBP (mmHg) Lu 2014 130.2 12.3 98 124.6 9.8 88       
Taylor-Piliae 2006 150 20 38 131.1 15.1 38       
Wang 1998 155.1 15.9 75 142.8 15.3 75       
Wang 2005 131.5 13.6 33 118.9 42.1 33       
Wang 2013 123 10 28 114 13 28 118 12 29 118 18 29
Yeh 2016 127.1 13.6 30 124 14.7 30 126.6 18.3 30 125.2 15.8 28
Zou 2017 145.6 11.1 28 135.1 14.7 28 146.4 8.6 29 139.7 11.6 29.000
DBP (mmHg) Chesla 2016 82.2 12.2 25 78.4 7.1 25       
Lu 2014 79.2 8 98 76.1 7.2 88       
Taylor-Piliae 2006 85.8 9.3 38 76.9 8.4 38       
Wang 1998 93.1 4.2 75 83.1 5.8 75       
Wang 2005 69.4 10.9 33 63.4 23.4 33       
Wang 2013 75 6 28 72 6 28 75 8 29 76 8 29
Yeh 2016 78.6 9.5 30 75.6 9.2 30 78.1 9.7 30 74.8 8.3 28
Zou 2017 90.5 7.5 28 84.8 11.8 28 87.6 9.8 29 84.5 9 29
HgBA1c Chesla 2016 5.91 0.27 25 5.89 0.2 25       
Sun 2012 7.87 0.97 19 7.11 0.62 19       
Wang 2013 5.9 0.2 28 5.8 0.2 29 5.8 0.2 29 5.8 0.2 29
Wang 1998 7.11 1.1 33 6.12 2.4 33       
Yeh 2016 6.2 0.4 30 6.2 0.4 30 6 0.3 30 6.2 0.5 28
FBG (mg/dL) Chesla 2016 96.4 6.7 25 93.1 5.6 25.000       
Wang 2013 91 8 28 93 9 28 91 8 29 89 7 29
Yeh 2016 109.7 8.8 30 104.5 13.3 30 103.3 11.7 30 101.5 14.5 28
HOMA-IR Wang 2013 1.5 1.2 28 1.3 1.2 28 1.1 1 29 1.1 0.8 29
  1. *Results from Taing 2019 omitted, as post-intervention means and standard deviations weren’t provided by the authors. Yeh 2016 results were obtained from the lead author