Skip to main content

Table 5 Risk Perceptions Pre, Post, and 8 Month Post-Intervention, Adolescent Pesticide Applicators in Egypt

From: Risk perception and behavior in Egyptian adolescent pesticide applicators: an intervention study

VariableLevelPrePost 8-Month Post 
  n%n%Pan%Pa
1. Will exposure to pesticides cause an immediate health risk?Unlikely2930.555.3 2425.3 
Likely6669.59094.7 6467.4 
IDK00.000.0<.00177.40.141
2. Will exposure to pesticides cause a long-term health risk?Unlikely2122.122.1 55.3 
Likely7174.79397.9 8690.5 
IDK33.200.0<.00144.2< 0.001
3. How much risk are you exposed to while using pesticides?No Risk/Medium8892.65254.7 4446.3 
Significant Risk77.44345.3<.0015153.7<.001
4. Direct exposure on skin to pesticides is not harmful to human health.Disagree/Neutral6063.28791.6 6770.5 
Agree3536.888.4<.0012829.50.286
5. Pesticides are a greater risk to adults than adolescents.Disagree4749.59296.8 5456.8 
Agree/Neutral4850.533.2<.0014143.20.300
6. A pesticide would not be put on the market if it were not safe for humans to use.Disagree3132.63941.1 66.3 
Agree/Neutral6467.45658.90.0328993.7<.001
7. How confident are you that you are able to prevent yourself from being exposed to pesticides?Not Confident/Neutral5861.11920.0 2728.4 
Confident3738.97680.0<.0016871.6<.001
8. If you need advice on how to safely handle a pesticide, how confident are you that you would be able to get advice?Not Confident/Neutral4547.41414.7 2122.1 
Confident5052.68185.3<.0017477.9<.001
9. Using hands to mix pesticides can cause sickness.Disagree/Neutral2223.233.2 1818.9 
Agree7376.89296.8<.0017781.10.479
10. If I mix pesticides with my hands it could make me sick.Disagree/Neutral2122.122.1 2021.1 
Agree7477.99397.9<.0017578.90.869
11. Using a stick instead of my hands to mix pesticides will prevent me from getting sick.Disagree/Neutral2324.21010.5 2829.5 
Agree7275.88589.50.0036770.50.411
12. I am able to use a stick instead of my hands to mix pesticides.Disagree/Neutral1818.922.1 1616.8 
Agree7781.19397.9<.0017983.20.683
13. Entering fields that were recently sprayed will cause sickness.Disagree/Neutral2829.555.3 2425.3 
Agree6770.59094.7<.0017174.70.527
14. If I enter a field that was recently sprayed I am likely to get sick.Disagree/Neutral2829.566.3 2829.5 
Agree6770.58993.7<.0016770.51.000
15. Staying out of fields that were recently sprayed will prevent me from getting sickDisagree/Neutral1818.966.3 3233.7 
Agree7781.18993.70.0056366.30.023
16. I can stay out of fields that were recently sprayed.Disagree/Neutral2021.177.4 3031.6 
Agree7578.98892.60.0026568.40.096
17. Wearing clothes with pesticide residues on them for several hours will cause sickness.Disagree/Neutral2930.500.0 1010.5 
Agree6669.595100.0NA8589.5<.001
18. If I wear clothes with pesticide residues for several hours, I am likely to get sick.Disagree/Neutral2728.411.1 77.4 
Agree6871.69498.9<.0018892.6<.001
19. Changing into clean clothes after working with pesticides will prevent me from getting sick.Disagree/Neutral1313.711.1 1010.5 
Agree8286.39498.90.0018589.50.491
20. I can wear clean clothes with no pesticide residues.Disagree/Neutral66.311.1 55.3 
Agree8993.79498.90.0599094.70.763
21. I can be exposed to be pesticides by breathing in pesticides when they are sprayed.Disagree/Neutral1212.622.1 77.4 
Agree8387.49397.90.0028892.60.225
22. I can be exposed to be pesticides by mixing pesticides with bare hands.Disagree/Neutral99.500.0 1920.0 
Agree8690.595100.0NA7680.00.050
23. I can be exposed to be pesticides by eating food in the field.Disagree/Neutral1414.733.2 1313.7 
Agree8185.39296.80.0028286.30.847
24. I can be exposed to be pesticides by not washing hands before eating after applying pesticides.Disagree/Neutral1515.822.1 33.2 
Agree8084.29397.9<.0019296.80.005
25. I can be exposed to be pesticides by touching pesticides and then touching your eyes or other parts of your face.Disagree/Neutral2223.211.1 66.3 
Agree7376.89498.9<.0018993.7<.001
26. I can be exposed to be pesticides by splashing pesticides on my clothes.Disagree/Neutral3941.122.1 2829.5 
Agree5658.99397.9<.0016770.50.101
27. I can be exposed to be pesticides by walking in fields that were recently sprayed.Disagree/Neutral2223.255.3 3233.7 
Agree7376.89094.7<.0016366.30.104
28. I can be exposed to be pesticides by storing pesticides in the field station.Disagree/Neutral5962.11920.0 5861.1 
Agree3637.97680.0<.0013738.90.882
29. Bathing immediately after applying pesticides will reduce my exposure to pesticides.Disagree/Neutral77.400.0 1414.7 
Agree8892.695100.0NA8185.30.090
30. Wearing clothes with pesticide residues will reduce my exposure to pesticides.Disagree/Neutral8791.69296.8 8690.5 
Agree88.433.20.13299.50.782
31. Getting pesticides on your skin will reduce my exposure to pesticides.Disagree8084.29498.9 8589.5 
Agree/Neutral1515.811.1<.0011010.50.297
  1. Note: NA, Not Applicable: McNemar test not calculated when a level has zero participants
  2. aThe parametric p-value is calculated by McNemar test with pre-intervention as the referent group