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Table 2 Perceptions and behaviors related to the management of RUF therapy among undernourished HIV-infected participants and their caregiver 2 weeks after enrolment in the SNACS study, Senegala-b

From: Adherence to ready-to-use food and acceptability of outpatient nutritional therapy in HIV-infected undernourished Senegalese adolescents: research-based recommendations for routine care

  <  12 years ≥ 12 years All P value
Caregivers
Responsible for RUF management        <.0001
  Caregiver 67 (81) 29 (33) 96 (56)  
  Participant 16 (19) 60 (67) 76 (46)  
RUF sharing with caregiver 25 (30) 27 (30) 52 (30) 0.98
RUF sharing with other adults 6 (8) 6 (7) 12 (7) 0.83
RUF sharing with other children 13 (17) 11 (13) 24 (15) 0.42
Participantsc
RUF perceived as a drug        0.006
  Yes 63 (76) 83 (93) 146 (85)  
  No 8 (10) 3 (3) 11 (6)  
  Don’t know 12 (14) 3 (3) 15 (9)  
Reason for RUF therapy        0.0005
  Sickness 20 (24) 26 (30) 46 (27)  
  Malnutrition 48 (58) 62 (71) 110 (64)  
  Don’t know 15 (18) 15 (9)  
Participant needs encouragement for RUF feeding 39 (47) 33 (37) 72 (42) 0.19
Participant is disgusted by RUF 27 (33) 24 (27) 51 (30) 0.42
Participant hides to take RUF 21 (25) 29 (33) 50 (29) 0.29
Single sachet taken over several intake 44 (53) 36 (40) 80 (47) 0.10
Main mode of intake        0.18
  Direct feeding from the sachet 67 (81) 79 (89) 146 (85)  
  Diluted in gruel 14 (17) 10 (11) 24 (14)  
  Spread on bread 2 (2) 2 (1)  
  1. aData are N (%)
  2. bRUF ready-to-use food
  3. cQuestions were asked to the participant (and/or to the caregiver if need be when participant ≤7 years)
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