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Table 1 Characteristics of HIV-infected participants and their caregivers at enrolment in the SNACS study, Senegal a-b

From: Adherence to ready-to-use food and acceptability of outpatient nutritional therapy in HIV-infected undernourished Senegalese adolescents: research-based recommendations for routine care

Characteristics <  12 years
N = 84
≥ 12 years
N = 89
All
N = 173
P value
Girl 34 (40) 35 (39) 69 (40) 0.88
Decentralized study site 51 (61) 42 (47) 93 (54) 0.07
Acute malnutrition        0.04
Moderate 57 (68) 47 (53) 104 (46)  
Severe 27 (32) 42 (47) 69 (40)  
HAZ, median IQR -1.7 (-2.4 – -0.8) -2.0 (- 2.7 – - 1.2) -1.8 (-2.6 – - 0.9) 0.09
At school 58 (69) 74 (83) 132 (76) 0.03
Family status        0.24
Parents alive 31 (37) 21 (24) 52 (30)  
Mother orphan 20 (24) 23 (26) 43 (25)  
Father orphan 16 (19) 25 (28) 41 (24)  
Double orphan 17 (20) 20 (22) 37 (21)  
HIV disclosed 5 (6) 44 (49) 49 (28) < 0.0001
ARTc        0.02
No ART 17 (20) 6 (7) 23 (13)  
ART – virologic suppressiond 26 (31) 39 (44) 65 (38)  
ART – no virologic suppression 40 (48) 43 (49) 83 (49)  
CD4 cell/mm3, median IQR 603 (343–861) 414 (209–707) 522 (229–780) 0.04
Caregiver school level        0.28
None 36 (43) 49 (55) 85 (49)  
Primary 25 (30) 21 (24) 46 (27)  
Secondary and more 23 (27) 19 (21) 42 (24)  
Caregiver income        0.50
None 40 (48) 36 (40) 76 (44)  
Regular 9 (11) 14 (16) 23 (13)  
Irregular 35 (42) 39 (44) 74 (43)  
Food insecure household 65 (77) 68 (76) 133 (77) 0.88
  1. aData are N, % unless otherwise indicated
  2. bAbbreviations: HAZ height-for-age z-score, IQR interquartile range, ART antiretroviral treatment
  3. c2 missing values
  4. dVirologic suppression is defined as viral load ≤50 copies/ml
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