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Table 1 Stage of changes and processes of change used in the intervention group

From: The transtheoretical model is an effective weight management intervention: a randomized controlled trial

Stage of ChangeWho are they?Processes of change used in the intervention
Pre-contemplation stageIndividuals that do not intend to change their behavior in the foreseeable future• Consciousness raising
• Dramatic relief (emotional arousal)
• Reassessment of Environment
Contemplation stageIndividuals that recognize the need for change but action is required to shape their motivation• Consciousness raising
• Dramatic relief (emotional arousal)
• Reassessment of Environment
• Self-reevaluation
Preparation stageIndividuals that are ready to change their behavior within 30 days• Self-reevaluation
• Social liberation
• Self-liberation
Action stageIndividuals that are capable of short and immediate changes for a period of up to six months• Self-liberation
• Contingency management
• Social liberation
• Conterconditioning
• Stimulus control
Maintenance stageIndividuals’ behavior has been changed over six months, requiring now the prevention of relapse and consolidation of gains• Contingency management
• Social liberation
• Conterconditioning
• Stimuus controll