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Table 3 Social participation by incarceration status

From: Closing the (incarceration) gap: assessing the socio-economic and clinical indicators of indigenous males by lifetime incarceration status

  Ever-incarcerated
N (%)
Never- incarcerated
N (%)
Χ2 (p value) V
Participated selected cultural activities last 12 months
 Did not participate 7800 (25.2) 56,000 (30.9)   
 Participated 23,200 (74.8) 125,400 (69.1) 410.7 (<.001) .04
How often able to have a say within community on important issues
 All of the time 2700 (8.7) 20,300 (11.2)   
 Most of the time 4400 (14.2) 27,700 (15.3)   
 Some of the time 7800 (25.1) 42,800 (23.7)   
 A little of the time 5000 (16.1) 32,600 (18.0)   
 None of the time 11,200 (36.0) 57,400 (31.8) 410.8 (<.001) .04
How often able to have a say with family and friends on important issues
 All of the time 11,900 (38.6) 84,700 (46.9)   
 Most of the time 7900 (25.7) 57,100 (31.6)   
 Some of the time 7200 (23.4) 23,000 (12.7)   
 A little of the time 2300 (7.5)a 10,900 (6.0)   
 None of the time 1500 (4.9) 4900 (2.7) 3274.4 (<.001) .12
  1. Note: a Numbers have a relative standard error of 25 to 50%
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