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Table 3 Demographic characteristics of the study participants (n = 323)

From: Development and validation of a short and easy-to-use instrument for measuring health literacy: the Health Literacy Instrument for Adults (HELIA)

 

All

Male (n = 147)

Female (n = 176)

 

No. (%)

No. (%)

No. (%)

Age groups

 18–30

117 (36.2)

54 (36.7)

63 (35.8)

 31–42

90 (27.9)

38 (25.9)

52 (29.5)

 43–54

67 (20.7)

30 (20.4)

37 (21.0)

 55–65

49 (15.2)

25 (17.0)

24 (13.6)

Education (years)

 1–9

65 (20.1)

25 (17.0)

40 (22.7)

 10–12

133 (41.2)

58 (39.5)

75 (42.6)

  ≥ 13

125 (38.7)

64 (43.5)

61 (34.7)

Occupation

 Employed

101 (31.3)

82 (55.8)

19 (10.8)

 Student

45 (13.9)

25 (17.0)

20 (11.4)

 Retired

29 (9.0)

21 (14.3)

8 (4.5)

 Housewife

125 (38.7)

125 (71.0)

 Unemployed

23 (7.1)

19 (12.9)

4 (2.3)

Source of health informationa

 TV/Radio

173 (26.3)

74(25.3)

99(27.0)

 Physicians/Health providers

161 (24.4)

76(26.0)

85(23.2)

 Newspapers/Journals

93 (14.1)

44(15.1)

49(13.4)

 Friends, Relatives

87 (13.2)

39(13.4)

48(13.1)

 Internet

76 (11.5)

36(12.3)

40(10.9)

 Book/Booklets/Pamphlets

45 (6.8)

12(4.1)

33(9.0)

 Interactive voice response (IVR)

11 (1.7)

5(1.7)

6(1.6)

 No answer

13 (2.0)

6(2.1)

7 (1.9)

  1. a Since the respondents could indicate several sources the numbers exceed the total sample size