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Table 4 Direct, indirect and total effects of variables in the moderated mediation model

From: Moderation effect of emotion regulation on the relationship between social anxiety, drinking motives and alcohol related problems among university students*

Path Direct Path Indirect Path (Confidential Interval) Total Effect
Social anxiety → Difficulties in emotion regulation .59*** .59***
Social anxiety → Social avoidance .82*** .82***
Social anxiety → Concerns over physiological symptoms .68*** .68***
Social anxiety → Fear of negative evaluation .77*** .77***
Social anxiety → Coping motives −.29* .44(−.18–.72) .15**
Social anxiety → Conformity motives −.01 .30(−.01–.61) .29***
Difficulties in emotion regulation * Concerns over physiological symptoms → Coping motives .09* .09*
Fear of negative evaluation * Difficulties in emotion regulation → Conformity motives .14* .14*
Difficulties in emotion regulation → Coping motives .33*** .33***
Difficulties in emotion regulation → Conformity motives .16* .16*
Social avoidance → Coping motives .03 −.03
Social avoidance → Conformity motives −.06 −.06
Concerns over physiological symptoms → Coping motives .17* .17*
Concerns over physiological symptoms → Conformity motives .09 .09
Fear of negative evaluation → Coping motives .13 .13
Fear of negative evaluation → Conformity motives .26* .26*
Social anxiety → Alcohol related problems −.11 .16(.08–.25) .05
Concerns over physiological symptoms * Difficulties in emotion regulation → Alcohol related problems .03(.00–.07) .03*
Fear of negative evaluation * Difficulties in emotion regulation → Alcohol related problems .03(.01–.08) .03*
Difficulties in emotion regulation → Alcohol related problems .08 .14(.09–.21) .22**
Social avoidance → Alcohol related problems −.00(−.11–.09) −.00
Concerns over physiological symptoms → Alcohol related problems .08(.01–.16) .08*
Fear of negative evaluation → Alcohol related problems .10(.00–.21) .10*
Coping motives → Alcohol related problems .33*** .33***
Conformity motives → Alcohol related problems .22** .22**
  1. *p < .05. **p < .01. ***p < .001