Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of older persons (n = 619) in relation to good self-rated health as assessed during the preventive home visits

From: Factors associated with good health among older persons who received a preventive home visit: a cross-sectional study

  Total
n = 619
Self-Rated Health p-valuea
Good
n = 472
Poor
n = 147
Demographics
 Age, mean (SD) 80.6 (2.2) 80.5 (2.0) 80.7 (2.7) 0.395 b
 Female, n (%) 341 (55.4) 258 (54.8) 83 (57.2) 0.602
 Settlement rural, n (%) 431 (71.6) 322 (70.0) 109 (76.8) 0.118
 Cohabitant, n (%) 413 (67.4) 317 (67.7) 96 (66.2) 0.732
 Satisfied with accommodation, n (%) 590 (97.2) 454 (98.3) 136 (93.8) 0.004
 Feeling safe in the neighbourhood, n (%) 598 (98.7) 453 (98.3) 145 (100) 0.209c
 Enough money to pay bills, n (%) 581 (96.8) 443 (97.1) 138 (95.8) 0.432
 Not worried about own finances, n (%) 591 (98.0) 451 (98.3) 140 (97.2) 0.438
Mental factors
 Feeling serenity/safe/harmony, n (%) 514 (83.6) 424 (90.2) 90 (62.1) < 0.001
 Good cognition, n (%) 569 (93.7) 438 (94.8) 131 (90.3) 0.053
 Good sleep, n (%) 527 (87.4) 414 (90.4) 113 (77.9) < 0.001
 Not feeling loneliness, n (%) 558 (91.2) 441 (94.2) 117 (81.3) < 0.001
 Not feeling sad, n (%) 478 (78.1) 404 (86.3) 74 (51.4) < 0.001
 Not feeling anxiety, n (%) 499 (83.2) 415 (90.6) 84 (59.2) < 0.001
 Not worried about the future, n (%) 490 (80.1) 403 (86.1) 87 (60.4) < 0.001
 Feeling influence over own situation, n (%) 593 (99.0) 453 (99.3) 140 (97.9) 0.151c
 Feeling influence over society, n (%) 187 (31.4) 150 (33.1) 37 (25.9) 0.104
 Satisfied with life, n (%) 502 (81.6) 423 (90.2) 79 (54.1) < 0.001
 Being able to do things that make one feel valuable, n (%) 514 (84.1) 435 (93.3) 79 (54.5) < 0.001
 Not having reduced energy, n (%) 536 (88.4) 440 (95.4) 96 (66.2) < 0.001
Physical factors
 Not having impaired endurance, n (%) 531 (88.2) 437 (95.4) 94 (65.3) < 0.001
 Good ADL, n (%) 472 (78.1) 394 (85.5) 78 (54.5) < 0.001
 Having no physical problems affecting participation in social activities, n (%) 505 (82.8) 426 (91.6) 79 (54.5) < 0.001
 No pain, n (%) 364 (60.4) 306 (66.7) 58 (40.3) < 0.001
 Urinary continence, n (%) 538 (88.2) 423 (91.0) 115 (79.3) < 0.001
 No digestive problems, n (%) 535 (88.1) 429 (92.9) 106 (73.1) < 0.001
 Good vision, n (%) 449 (76.4) 347 (77.8) 102 (71.8) 0.145
 Good hearing, n (%) 297 (64.1) 226 (66.3) 71 (58.2) 0.110
Lifestyle factors
 Physically active several times per week, n (%) 532 (89.9) 419 (93.3) 113 (79.0) < 0.001
 Good appetite, n (%) 567 (92.6) 448 (95.9) 119 (82.1) < 0.001
 No weight loss, n (%) 558 (91.2) 438 (93.8) 120 (82.8) < 0.001
 Rarely use alcohol, n (%) 299 (64.6) 209 (60.9) 90 (75.0) 0.006
 Not smoking/using snuff, n (%) 482 (81.4) 359 (80.0) 123 (86.0) 0.105
 Use a smartphone, n (%) 251 (41.9) 206 (45.4) 45 (31.0) 0.002
 Use a computer, n (%) 342 (57.0) 272 (59.8) 70 (48.3) 0.015
  1. SD Standard Deviation, ADL Activities of Daily Living, internal dropout varies between n = 3–156, a) Chi-Square test unless other stated; b) Independent sample T-test; c) Fisher’s exact test
\