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Table 4 Mean estimated annual number of cancer cases by carcinogen and routes of exposure

From: An approach to estimating the environmental burden of cancer from known and probable carcinogens: application to Ontario, Canada

  1. * Indicates a population attributable fraction model was used to estimate the annual cancer cases; otherwise a risk assessment model was used
  2. Diesel particulate matter was treated as a component of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), so the annual cancer cases should not be summed