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Table 1 Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and basic background information of 34,919 participants

From: Lifestyle factors associated with prevalent and exacerbated musculoskeletal pain after the Great East Japan Earthquake: a cross-sectional study from the Fukushima Health Management Survey

 Musculoskeletal pain
AbsentPrevalentExacerbated
N23,45696501813
Age
 40 to 64 years15,210 (64.8)5713 (59.2)a1077 (59.4)ab
 65 to 74 years5165 (22.0)2266 (23.5)440 (24.3)
 75 to 89 years3081 (13.1)1671 (17.3)a296 (16.3)a
Sex
 Male11,690 (49.8)4375 (45.3)a698 (38.5)ab
 Female11,766 (50.2)5275 (54.7)a1115 (61.5)ab
History of disease
 Hypertension10,358 (44.2)5146 (53.3)a988 (54.5)a
 Diabetes4551 (19.4)2325 (24.1)a453 (25.0)a
 Dyslipidemia8734 (37.2)4486 (46.5)a890 (49.1)a
Educational status
 Junior high school or less5823 (24.8)2853 (29.6)a455 (25.1)b
 High school12,079 (51.5)4773 (49.5)917 (50.6)
 Colleges/university or higher5554 (23.7)2024 (21.0)441 (24.3)b
Type of disaster experience
 Tsunami4603 (19.6)2294 (23.8)a473 (26.1)a
 Indirect nuclear power plant accident11,754 (50.1)5743 (59.5)a1198 (66.1)ab
House damage
 None6296 (26.8)2078 (21.5)a311 (17.2)ab
 Partly destroyed13,811 (58.9)5852 (60.6)1109 (61.2)
 Half or more destroyed3349 (14.3)1720 (17.8)a393 (21.7)a
Loss of close person
 No19,298 (82.3)7362 (76.3)a1286 (70.9)ab
 Yes4158 (17.7)2288 (23.7)a527 (29.1)ab
Pain region
 Low back pain only4779 (49.5)685 (37.8)b
 Limb pain only2124 (22.0)319 (17.6)b
 Both2747 (28.5)809 (44.6)b
  1. Percentages are shown in parentheses. Statistically significant and observed ±3% or more difference compared to the Absent group (a), and to the Prevalent group (b); The total percentage does not always add up to 100
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