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Table 3 Land-use and land-cover variables (NB urban fabric class includes informal urban greenery)

From: Relationships between health outcomes in older populations and urban green infrastructure size, quality and proximity

GI variable Younger neighbourhoods Mid-age range neighbourhoods Older neighbourhoods
Low income Medium income High income Low income Medium income High income Low income Medium income High income
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
% All green-blue cover 47·3 19·3 47·5 18·6 49·1 23·2 55·9 17·1 57·9 17·1 65·5 15·4 52·5 18·5 63·4 16·4 69·3 16·0
%Water 0·8 1·4 1·3 2·6 1·9 3·9 1·1 2·1 1·0 1·6 1·3 2·4 1·0 2·2 1·3 3·2 1·4 4·2
%Ground layer 10·5 6·2 10·8 6·0 10·8 7·4 13·2 6·0 13·9 6·7 16·8 7·2 12·1 6·5 15·0 7·3 17·1 8·2
%Field layer 16·5 10·8 13·9 9·6 15·5 13·3 20·4 10·3 19·9 11·6 22·0 13·6 19·3 10·5 23·2 11·4 25·2 13·2
%Canopy 19·5 8·3 21·5 8·9 20·9 11·7 21·2 8·2 23·0 9·9 25·4 8·9 20·2 8·5 24·0 9·6 25·5 9·7
% Institutional land 3·5 4·7 3·6 4·9 3·1 5·7 3·6 4·6 3·0 4·4 2·4 3·9 2·8 3·5 3·5 4·7 2·5 3·7
% Public parks and recreation 9·6 12·6 10·5 12·4 7·7 9·5 8·5 10·9 12·2 14·9 9·6 12·3 8·5 11·8 10·4 12·0 9·7 11·8
% Amenity green-space 14·5 10·8 11·2 12·0 13·3 12·7 19·1 13·7 15·7 13·3 13·0 12·9 15·0 12·2 18·9 14·7 14·1 13·1
% Private gardens 27·6 15·9 27·8 17·1 24·8 19·7 27·2 14·5 31·3 15·2 38·1 20·1 27·9 15·8 30·0 14·5 36·0 19·6
% Peri-urban 6·3 15.4 8·7 20·7 11·3 19·5 11·7 21·5 9·8 18·0 15·6 23·5 12·6 24·0 15·8 22·1 21·7 27·3
% Previously developed land 0·7 2·7 0·6 2·9 1·1 2·8 0·6 1·6 0·3 1·2 0·2 0·7 0·3 0·8 0·2 1·1 0·3 1·7
% Urban fabric 37·8 18·4 37·6 18·2 38·8 26·6 29·5 15·8 27·7 13·3 21·0 10·9 32·9 18·0 21·2 11·4 15·8 8·9
% Informal urban greenery 7·9 3·4 8·4 4·0 7·8 5·0 7·7 3·4 7·3 3·3 7·5 4·1 7·8 3·2 6·1 3·1 5·7 3·2
% population ≤ 300 m to public parks and recreation land 90.6 16.5 89.9 16.1 77.8 26.3 87.3 18.5 88.8 18.0 80.8 22.7 90.8 13.2 85.2 20.5 75.7 24.8
% population ≤ 200 m to public parks and recreation land 72·0 23·6 72·3 24·7 57·2 29·9 66·0 24·1 69·8 23·3 59·5 27·8 70·2 21·5 65·5 25.4 53·1 26·6
% population ≤ 100 m to public parks and recreation land 34·6 19·0 36·9 21·2 25·8 20·4 31·1 18·4 36·2 19·1 27·9 19·0 35·6 19·8 33·1 20·1 24·1 17·0
% population ≤ 200 m to 2 ha public parks and recreation land 33·1 29·6 36·0 31·9 24·0 29·5 31·5 28·4 37·2 29·9 32·9 30·2 33·2 25·0 35·3 29·5 28·3 26·4