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Table 3 Mental health status of participants in MERS survivors, South Korea

From: Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression of survivors 12 months after the outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome in South Korea

MeasureCut-off valuesPrior to MERSaduring
MERSa
At 12 months post-MERS
No.(%) of cases
PTSD
(IES-R-K)
0–24: within normal limits36 (57.1)
25–39: mild to moderate12 (19.0)
40–59: severe9 (14.3)
60-: very severe6 (9.5)
Depression
(PHQ-9)
0–4: no48 (76.2)13 (20.6)28 (44.4)
5–9: mild10 (15.9)8 (12.7)18 (28.6)
10–19: moderate5 (7.9)21 (33.3)15 (23.8)
20–27: severeNone21 (33.3)2 (3.2)
Anxiety
(GAD-7)
0–4: no51 (81.0)19 (30.2)43 (68.3)
5–9: mild7 (11.1)11 (17.5)11 (17.5)
10–14: moderate4 (6.3)9 (14.3)6 (9.5)
15–21: severe1 (1.6)24 (38.1)3 (4.8)
Suicidality
(MINI) b
1–5: low46 (76.7)
6–9: moderate7 (11.1)
10-: high7 (11.1)
Insomnia
(ISI-K)
> = 1518 (28.6)
  1. MERS, Middle East respiratory syndrome, PTSD, Posttraumatic stress disorder, IES-R-K, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised Korean version, PHQ-9, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, GAD-7, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, MINI, the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, ISI, the Korean version of Insomnia Severity Index
  2. aThe data were acquired at 12 month by recall
  3. bThree of cases showed no response on the questionnaire regarding suicidality