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Table 3 Cox proportional hazard model of effect of ethnic and religious variations on child marriage among adolescents with similar level of education, residence and wealth quintile

From: Ethnicity, religious affiliation and girl-child marriage: a cross-sectional study of nationally representative sample of female adolescents in Nigeria

Ethnicity, religion by same level of education, residence and wealth quintileModel 1Model 2
UHRSE95% C.I.AHRSE95% C.I.
Risk among adolescents with secondary/higher education
Ethnicity
  Yoruba RC1.00  1.00  
  Igbo1.560.510.82–2.961.850.660.82–2.96
  Southern ethnic minorities1.88*0.571.04–3.402.22*0.721.17–4.15
  Northern ethnic minorities3.99***1.122.30–6.914.14***1.172.35–7.07
  Hausa/Fulani7.22***1.994.19–12.435.94***1.733.27–10.25
Religion
  Christianity RC1.00  1.00  
  Others (Islam & Traditional)2.54***0.381.89–3.421.440.330.93–2.27
Risk among adolescents in urban residence
Ethnicity
  Yoruba RC1.00  1.00  
  Igbo1.290.480.62–2.662.47*1.051.07–5.69
  Southern ethnic minorities1.35**0.590.57–3.202.361.080.96–5.83
  Northern ethnic minorities6.58***2.283.33–13.035.72***1.892.98–10.97
  Hausa/Fulani9.24***2.944.94–17.275.74***1.873.02–10.91
Religion
  Christianity RC1.00  1.00  
  Others (Islam & Traditional)5.66***1.193.75–8.553.09***0.881.76–5.43
Risk among adolescents with middle/higher wealth index
Ethnicity
  Yoruba RC1.00  1.00  
  Igbo1.200.360.66–2.171.941.000.99–3.79
  Southern ethnic minorities1.88*0.531.08–3.272.94**0.911.59–5.41
  Northern ethnic minorities6.17***1.603.70–10.286.11***1.593.67–10.19
  Hausa/Fulani13.10***3.397.89–21.778.88***2.365.27–14.95
Religion
  Christianity RC1.00  1.00  
  Others (Islam & Traditional)5.17***0.763.87–6.912.40***0.511.58–3.64
  1. Note: Table focuses only on adolescents with the same level of education, residence and wealth quintile across Nigeria. UHR = unadjusted hazard ratio (Model 1); AHR = adjusted hazard ratio, adjusting between ethnicity and religion (Model 2); SE = Standard error; C.I. = confidence intervals. RCreference category
  2. *** p < .001. ** p < .01. * p < .05