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Table 3 Factors influencing severity of disability of cancer patients

From: The changing relationship between health burden and work disability of Australian cancer survivors, 2003–2017: evidence from a longitudinal survey

VariablesModerate disability vs No disabilitySevere disability vs No disability
Un-adjusted modelAdjusted modelUn-adjusted modelAdjusted model
RRR (95% CI)RRR (95% CI)RRR (95% CI)RRR (95% CI)
Health burden
No burden (= ref)1.001.001.001.00
Moderate burden7.88*** (4.26, 10.04)4.03*** (3.56, 9.99)5.66*** (4.35, 7.79)5.92** (1.38, 25.40)
Severe burden7.27*** (6.28, 18.4)5.43*** (3.34, 7.81)6.80*** (4.78, 9.09)5.32*** (2.75, 11.60)
 Female (ref = male)1.08 (0.89, 1.30) 1.00 (0.81, 1.24) 
Age
  < 25 years (= ref)1.001.001.001.00
 25–45 years1.09 (0.51, 2.35)1.12 (0.37, 3.37)0.75 (0.33, 1.70)0.85 (0.24, 2.97)
 46–65 years1.80 (0.87, 3.75)1.31 (0.47, 3.66)1.47 (0.68, 3.18)1.39 (0.45, 4.34)
  > 65 years3.23*** (1.56, 6.68)1.40** (1.09, 4.00)2.62*** (1.22, 5.63)1.82*** (1.57, 5.87)
Educational achievement
 Year 11 or below (= ref)1.001.001.001.00
 Year 120.42*** (0.28, 0.62)1.36 (0.82, 2.24)0.57*** (0.38, 0.85)0.77 (0.43, 1.39)
 Trade/certificate/diploma0.69*** (0.56, 0.85)1.10 (0.51, 2.36)0.60*** (0.47, 0.76)1.54 (0.68, 3.47)
 Tertiary or university0.51*** (0.38, 0.68)1.00 (0.62, 1.61)0.37*** (0.26, 0.53)0.77 (0.43, 1.36)
 Unemployed (ref = employed)2.97*** (3.65, 0.62)1.55** (1.01, 2.39)4.88*** (6.37, 0.85)2.01*** (1.15, 3.50)
Marital status
 Single (= ref)1.001.001.001.00
 Married1.68*** (1.22, 2.32)1.41 (0.79, 2.54)1.33 (0.94, 1.88)0.69 (0.37, 1.31)
 Others2.25*** (1.60, 3.16)1.44 (0.79, 2.62)1.86*** (1.29, 2.68)0.89 (0.47, 1.69)
Physical activity status
 Low1.73*** (1.19, 2.51)0.98 (0.64, 1.50)5.17*** (3.11, 8.60)1.91** (1.07, 3.40)
 Moderate1.64*** (1.11, 2.41)1.30 (0.85, 2.00)2.14*** (1.22, 3.75)1.43 (0.77, 2.65)
 High (= ref)1.001.001.001.00
 Alcohol consumption (ref = no)1.54*** (1.25, 1.91)0.94 (0.65, 1.35)2.29*** (1.83, 2.88)1.29*** (1.15, 1.49)
 Smoking exposure (ref = no)1.19 (0.91, 1.56) 1.07 (0.79, 1.45) 
 Private insurance coverage (ref = yes)1.22 (0.91, 1.62)0.88 (0.62, 1.24)1.68*** (1.22, 2.32)1.02 (0.68, 1.53)
 Healthcare utilisation (ref = yes)4.62*** (3.34, 6.39)0.29*** (0.19, 0.44)8.13*** (5.15, 12.83)0.34*** (0.20, 0.60)
Life satisfaction with
Household members1.02 (0.97, 1.07)1.00 (0.90, 1.10)1.01 (0.95, 1.07)1.01 (0.90, 1.13)
Employment0.89*** (0.87, 0.91)0.99 (0.95, 1.04)0.81*** (0.79, 0.84)0.96 (0.91, 1.02)
Financial situation0.94*** (0.90, 0.98)0.95 (0.88, 1.03)0.88*** (0.84, 0.91)0.94 (0.86, 1.02)
Social supports0.97 (0.92, 1.02)1.00 (0.90, 1.10)0.89*** (0.84, 0.94)0.98 (0.88, 1.10)
Remoteness
Major cities (= ref)1.001.001.001.00
Inner regional1.54*** (1.24, 1.90)1.75*** (1.21, 2.52)1.29* (1.01, 1.65)1.60** (1.04, 2.48)
Outer regional1.29 (0.96, 1.73)0.95 (0.55, 1.63)1.40* (1.02, 1.92)1.27 (0.70, 2.31)
Remote or very remote1.00 (0.50, 2.01)0.80 (0.26, 2.43)0.48 (0.17, 1.39)0.22 (0.03, 1.81)
Socioeconomic status
Q1(lowest 20%)1.64*** (1.21, 2.24)1.36** (1.09, 2.33)2.63*** (1.84, 3.74)1.28*** (1.16, 2.23)
Q21.66*** (1.24, 2.24)1.44 (0.87, 2.39)2.09*** (1.47, 2.97)1.25 (0.68, 2.32)
Q31.37* (1.00, 1.87)1.49 (0.87, 2.54)1.22 (0.82, 1.81)1.09 (0.56, 2.14)
Q41.15 (0.85, 1.57)1.21 (0.72, 2.01)1.42 (0.98, 2.05)1.36 (0.73, 2.52)
Q5(highest 20%) (= ref)1.001.001.001.00
  1. RRR Relative risk ratio, CI Confidence interval, ref. Reference group