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Table 3 Factors associated with smokeless tobacco use among rural women in Burkina Faso (n = 1730)

From: Smokeless tobacco use: its prevalence and relationships with dental symptoms, nutritional status and blood pressure among rural women in Burkina Faso

FactorsUnivariate analysisMultivariate analysis
cOR95% CIp valueaOR95% CIp value
Age range (years)
 - 25–341     
 - 35–491.581.80–3.69***2.141.46–3.13***
 - > 496.094.21–8.79***4.312.86–6.48***
Occupation: others#, vs employed/self-employed1.040.79–1.37NS0.970.71–1.32NS
Marital status: Singles vs married/cohabiting (ref)2.151.48–3.14***1.120.73–1.74NS
Having at least one family member aged ≥18 years: No, vs yes (ref)1.250.92–1.69NS0.890.61–1.26NS
*Education level: no education or primary school vs secondary or more (ref)4.842.12–11.06***3.021.28–7.10*
Current alcohol use: yes, vs no (ref.)3.142.37–4.18***2.802.06–3.80***
Presence of dental symptom: yes, vs no (ref)2.992.25–3.97***2.591.91–3.51***
Waist circumference (cm)0.980.97–0.99*0.980.97- < 1.00*
Undernourishment (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2): yes, vs no (ref)2.471.80–3.39***1.781.24–2.55**
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)1.01> 1.00–1.02**1.01> 1.00–1.03*
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)> 0.990.98–1.01NS0.970.95–0.99**
Blood sugar (mmol/L)1.101.01–1.20*1.060.96–1.18NS
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.080.81–1.43NS0.900.64–1.25NS
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)1.050.88–1.24NS0.970.78–1.21NS
  1. NS indicates Non-Significant p value; * indicates p value < 0.05; ** indicates p value < 0.01; *** indicates p value < 0.001
  2. cOR crude odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, others#: included professions with inconstant incomes (students, homemakers, and the unemployed). In this multivariate model, by replacing the dichotomic variable “undernourishment: yes or no” with the quantitative variable “BMI in kg/m2” and the two quantitative variables SBP and DBP with the differential blood pressure (SBP-DBP in mmHg), we observed that the decrease in the unit of BMI (aOR = 0.88; 95% CI: 0.83–0.93; p < 0.001) or the increase in the unit of differential blood pressure (aOR = 1.01; 95% CI: > 1.00–1.02; p < 0.05) were significantly associated with SLT use