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Table 2 Patterns of waterpipe smoking behaviours in respondents that have ever-smoked waterpipe

From: Waterpipe smoking among university students in Hong Kong: a cross-sectional study

 Ever-smoked waterpipe (n = 306)
Frequency of WPS in past 12 months, n (%)
 Once a year or less172 (56.2)
 2–6 times89 (29.1)
 7–12 times27 (8.8)
 13–24 times8 (2.6)
 24–48 times10 (3.3)
Length of an WPS session, n (%) 
 Within one hour93 (30.4)
 1–2 h146 (47.7)
 2–3 h57 (18.6)
 3 or more hours10 (3.3)
Expense on WPS, n (%)
 Less than HK$200 a131 (42.8)
 HK$200-HK$299103 (33.7)
 HK$300-HK$39949 (16.0)
 HK$400-HK$49911 (3.6)
 HK$500 or more12 (3.9)
Reason for WPS, n (%)b
 Socialising253 (82.7)
 Curiosity215 (70.3)
 Enjoy the taste/smell147 (48.0)
 Feeling relaxed84 (27.5)
 Good with alcohol74 (24.2)
 Less harsh than cigarette smoke47(15.4)
 Feeling high36 (11.8)
 Craving of waterpipe5 (1.6)
 Helping to quit smoking3 (1.0)
 Others9 (2.9)
Accompany with WPS, n (%)b
 Friends296 (96.7)
 Family10 (3.3)
 Alone7 (2.3)
 Others4 (1.3)
Location of WPS, n (%)b
 Regular bar203 (66.3)
 Waterpipe bar175 (57.3)
 Restaurant29 (9.5)
 Other home20 (6.5)
 Own home16 (5.2)
 Others11 (3.6)
Alcohol consumption with WPS, n (%)
 Never40 (13.1)
 Rarely67 (21.9)
 Sometimes79 (22.9)
 Very often49 (16.0)
 Always80 (26.1)
Perceived addiction to WPS, n (%)
 No293 (95.8)
 Yes13 (4.2)
Likelihood of stopping WPS, median (IQR)10 (9–10)
  1. Key: a US$ 1 = HK$ 7.82; b respondents may give more than one response to item