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Table 6 Summary of the characteristics of the included studies of experience and expectations (qualitative studies)

From: Communication of children’s weight status: what is effective and what are the children’s and parents’ experiences and preferences? A mixed methods systematic review

Study IDCountryParticipantsMode of communication and setting
Alba 2018 [53]USAParents of overweight and obese elementary school students in south eastern Pennsylvania where one third of the population is economically disadvantagedLetter sent home from elementary school
Ayash 2012 [54]USAParents of children with a BMI above the 85th aged 2 to 13 years in Massachusetts where low-income, young, black and Latino children are most effectedFace-to-face interactions with exploration of preferences regarding receiving a letter before or after the appointment
Blood 2011 [55]United KingdomChildren aged 10–11 who had gone through weight screening in the last two monthsFace-to-face weight screening experience
Bolling 2009 [56]USAMostly white, privately insured suburban, urban and rural parents of children aged 2 to 6 years and between the 85th and 94th percentile body mass index in the suburban mid-west.Parental preferences for terminology related to weight at health visits
Bossick 2017 [57]USATeen patients from metropolitan Detroit diagnosed as overweight in the last 12 months and mothersFace-to-face meetings with health care providers
Gainsbury 2018 [58]United KingdomParents of 4–5 year olds in south-west England who had recently received written feedback from the national child measurement program representing the full spectrum of feedback options (under-, healthy, over- and very overweight)Letter from school setting
Gillison 2014 [77]United KingdomAll parents receiving letters informing them that their child was overweight (91st –98th centile) or very overweight (98th–100th centile) in south-west EnglandLetter from school setting
Guerrero 2011 [59]USALow-income Spanish speaking Mexican mothers of children ages 2–5 years attending a free clinicFace-to-face meetings with health care providers
Harris 2009 [60]USAStudents and parents from an area in West Virginia with high levels of obesity, underserved by medical professionals, rural and with low socio-economic statusLetter from school setting
Jorda 2017 [61]USAParents in Florida who had received BMI referrals for their children in first, third or sixth grade and child was over the 95%. The obesity rate for the area was 40%.Letter from school setting
Knierim 2015 [62]USASelf-identified Latino, 18 to 80 years old, and the parent or grandparent/primary caregiver of a 2- to 18-year-old primary care patient in a poor area of Denver, Colorado with a high prevalence of obesity in the Latino communityFace-to-face meetings with health care providers
Kubik 2007 [63]USAParents of elementary school students from a suburban school district in MinnesotaExploring how parents wanted to receive communication about their child’s weight
McPherson 2018 [64]Canada7–18-year olds with and without disabilities and their caregivers from two large paediatric hospitals in OntarioFace-to-face meetings with health care providers
Moyer 2014 [65]USAParents/caregivers of 8- to 14-year-old obese (95th BMI-for-age percentile) children from low income families attending public schools in MassachusettsLetter from school setting and face-to-face meetings with health care providers
Nnyanzi 2016 [66]EnglandChildren who had been weighed at school aged 10–11 in the North East of England in an area with a relatively high prevalence of childhood obesityLetter home to parents from school setting as well as the experience of being weighed at school
Nnyanzi 2016a [67]EnglandParents/guardians after they had received their child’s weight results letter in the North East of England in an area with a relatively high prevalence of childhood obesityLetter home from school setting
Ruggieri 2013/2016 [68, 76]USAParents of children in grades Kindergarten- grade 8 in a school district in Philadelphia. Had to be English speaking so excluded Latino families with a higher prevalence of obesity.Letter home from school setting
Schwartz 2010/2015 [69, 70]USAParents of children who had received a letter stating their child was overweight in the Mid-WestLetter home from school setting
Shrewsbury 2010 [71]AustraliaAdolescents and unrelated parents of adolescents from low-middle socio-economic areas in Sydney and the surrounding areaFace-to-face communication with a health care provider
Thompson 2015 [72]USAParents who identified as Latino, non-Hispanic white, African American, or Asian American in a low income areaLetter home from school setting
Toftemo 2013 [73]NorwayParents of overweight children aged 2.5–5.5 years in a rural part of eastern NorwayFace-to-face communication with a health care provider
Valencia 2016 [74]USAMostly Latino mothers and caregivers attending clinics for low income families in southern ArizonaFace-to-face communication with a health care provider about growth charts
Woolford 2007 [75]USAMothers of pre-schoolers recruited from a Head Start program for low income families in MichiganFace-to-face communication with a health care provider