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Table 1 Sex-specific clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of a sample of adults (> 19 years) in rural South India

From: Socio-demographic patterning of the individual-level double burden of malnutrition in a rural population in South India: a cross-sectional study

CharacteristicMen
n
Mean (SD) or %Women
n
Mean (SD) or %p-value
Age (y)    0.10
 20–346920.29523.1 
 35–4911533.614735.7 
 50–6410530.711126.9 
 65+5215.25814.1 
Height (cm)340165 (7.0)407154 (6.6)< 0.001
Stunting (men/women< 163.6/151.8 cm)12035.312931.70.26
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) (BMI)34021.6 (3.91)40622.0 (4.49)0.10
BMI Categories
 Underweight (< 18.5)8424.78520.9 
 Normal weight (≥18.5 & < 23 kg/m)13940.916239.9 
 Overweight (≥23 and < 25 kg/m2)5616.56215.2 
 Obese class I (≥25 and < 30 kg/m25516.27719.0 
 Obese class II (≥30 kg/m2)61.8204.9 
Waist circumference (cm)33782 (11.3)40778 (12.5)< 0.001
Abdominal obesity categories (waist circumference)
 Non-obese (men/women < 90/< 80 cm)25274.823658.0 
 Obese (men/women ≥90/≥80 cm)8525.217142.0 
 Hemoglobin (Hb) (g/dL)33613.4 (2.48)40711.5 (5.77)< 0.001
Anemia (Hb concentrations)
 No (men/women ≥130/≥120 g/dL)21564.017142.0 
 Mild anemia (men/women 110–129/110–119 g/dL)7522.37418.2 
 Moderate anemia (men/women 80–109/70–109 g/dL)3711.014836.4 
 Severe anemia (men/women < 80/< 70 g/dL)92.7143.4 
 High blood pressure (SBP ≥ 140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg and/or treatment with blood pressure medication)10531.111728.80.51
Glucose tolerance and diabetes
 Impaired fasting glucose (fasting CBG 6.1–6.9 mmol/L)82.4174.20.17
 Impaired glucose tolerance (fasting CBG < 7 mmol/L and a 2-h post glucose CBG ≥8.9 mmol/L but < 12.2 mmol/L)175.0245.90.60
 Diabetes (proof of previous diagnosis and/or fasting CBG ≥7 mmol/L and/or 2-h post prandial CBG value ≥12.2 mmol/L)4713.84811.70.40
Education    < 0.001
 Illiterate17451.031576.5 
 Literate, less than primary school9427.64811.7 
 Primary school5917.34611.2 
 Secondary/post-secondary school144.130.7 
Wealth Index    < 0.001
 Low10831.720048.5 
 Middle21763.618845.6 
 High164.7245.8 
Tobacco use    < 0.001
 Current users17351.327968.9 
 Not current users16448.712631.1 
  1. p-values are for differences in means or proportions of each characteristic between sexes using two-sided Student’s t-tests and Pearson chi-squared tests, respectively
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