Skip to main content

Table 2 The clinical characteristics of each type of SAM and GAM

From: Do we need to reconsider the CMAM admission and discharge criteria?; an analysis of CMAM data in South Sudan

A. Sex distribution for SAM and GAM both in program and community survey
  ProgramCommunity Survey
SAMMale1063 (30.6%)144 (4.3%)
Female936 (26.9%)153 (4.6%)
GAMMale1527 (43.9%)419 (12.5%)
 Female1440 (41.4%)417 (12.4%)
Total 34793358
B. Association between SAM-MUAC or SAM-WHZ and SEX in community survey data
 SAM-MUAC  SAM-WHZ 
 NormalSAM NormalSAM
Male164175 (4.4%)Male164373 (4.3%)
Female1548103 (6.2%)Female159655 (3.3%)
C. The Proportion and Odd Ratio of each type of SAM by height
 WHZ
Regardless of MUAC
WHZ
Normal by MUAC
MUAC
Regardless of WHZ
< −3 (SAM)≥ − 3< − 3 (SAM)≥ − 3<  115 mm≥ 115 mm
Children with height falling on upper quartile48 (5.7%)79341 (5.0%)77228 (3.3%)813
Children with height falling on lower quartile30 (3.6%)81018 (2.3%)75864 (7.6%)776
Odd Ratio and P valueOR 1.63 (p = 0.049)OR 2.24 (p = 0.006)OR 0.42 (p = 0.0001)
D. The Proportion and Odd Ratio of each type of SAM by height
 MUACWHZ
<  115 mm≥ 115 mm< −3 (SAM)≥ −3
HAZ < − 324 (12.3%)17112 (6.2%)183
HAZ ≥ − 3126 (4.0%)3037149 (4.7%)3014
Χ2 statistics (P-values)27.9053 (1.274 × 10−7)0.5517 (0.4576)
E. The duration of recovery to weight and MUAC gain for each type of the SAM cases
Number of Days to 15% weight gain
 No. of RecordsEventsMedian0.95 LCLa0.95 UCLb
Z < −3 (WFH)813433 (53.3%)464249
MUAC < 115 mm810383 (47.3%)494252
Number of Days to 5% MUAC
Z < − 3 (WFH)818438 (53.5%)353542
MUAC < 115 mm815388 (47.6%)423549
  1. a 0.95 LCL: 95% Lower Confidence limit. b 0.95 UCL: 95% Upper Confidence limit