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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of Diabetic Retinopathy in Jimma University Medical Center, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Determinants of diabetic retinopathy in Southwest Ethiopia: a facility-based case-control study

VariableCategoryCases
(n = 106)
Control
(n = 205)
COR (95%CI)AOR(95% CI)P-Value
Age< 60 years
≥60 years
48 (45.3%)
58 (54.7%)
177 (86.3%)
28 (13.7%)
1
7.63 (4.39,13.27)
1
5.04 (1.83,13.87)
0.002
Education levelIlliterate
Literate
43 (40.6%)
63 (59.4%)
25 (12.2%)
180 (87.8%)
4.91 (2.77, 8.69)
1
7.17 (2.61,19.70)
1
< 0.001
Adherence to medicationYes
No
41 (38.6%)
65 (61.4%)
113 (55.1%)
92 (44.9%)
1
1.94 (1.20,3.14)
1
3 (1.29,6.95)
0.01
Family history of DMYes
No
56 (52.8%)
50 (47.2%)
64 (31.2%)
141 (68.8%)
2.46 (1.52,3.99)
1
3.95 (1.64,9.54)
1
0.002
Other micro-vascular complicationsYes
No
51 (48.1%)
55 (51.9%)
20 (9.7%)
185 (90.3%)
8.57 (4.71,15.60)
1
3.76 (1.33,10.66)
1
0.013
Systolic blood pressure<140mmhg
≥140mmhg
65 (61.3%)
41 (38.7%)
186 (90.7%)
19 (9.3%)
1
6.17 (3.34,11.39)
1
3.38 (1.26,9.05)
0.015
Glycaemic level (RBS)Good
Poor
39 (36.8%)
67 (63.2%)
164 (80%)
41 (20%)
1
6.87 (4.07,11.58)
1
9.08 (3.70,22.29)
< 0.001
Serum Cholesterol levelGood
Poor
54 (56.2%)
42 (43.8%)
51 (27.1%)
137 (72.9%)
1
0.29 (0.17,0.48)
1
0.21 (0.08,0.514)
0.001
Haemoglobin level< 11 mg/dl
≥11 mg/ml
34 (32.4%)
71 (67.6%)
18 (8.7%)
187 (91.3%)
4.97 (2.64,9.37)
1
2.8 (1.05,7.47)
1
0.038