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Table 2 Behavioral characteristics of diabetic patients who follow at Jimma University medical center, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Determinants of diabetic retinopathy in Southwest Ethiopia: a facility-based case-control study

VariableCategoryCases
(n = 106)
Controls
(n = 205)
COR(95% CI)P-Value
Adherence to exerciseYes
No
59 (55.6%)
47 (44.4%)
130 (63.4%)
75 (36.6%)
1
1.38 (0.85,2.22)
0.185
Alcoholic historyYes
No
16 (15%)
90 (85%)
10 (4.8%)
195 (95.2%)
3.46 (1.51,7.93)
1
0.003
Smoking historyYes
No
5 (4.7%)
101 (95.3%)
2 (0.9%)
203 (99.1%)
5.02 (0.95,26.35)
1
0.056
Adherence to medicationYes
No
41 (38.6%)
65 (61.4%)
113 (55.1%)
92 (44.9%)
1
1.94 (1.20,3.14)
0.006
Adherence to mealYes
No
38 (35.8%)
68 (64.2%)
129 (62.9%)
76 (37.1%)
1
3.03 (1.86,4.94)
< 0.001
Adherence to blood glucoseYes
No
62 (58.5%)
44 (41.5%)
166 (80.9%)
39 (19.1%)
1
3.02 (1.79,5.08)
< 0.001
  1. COR: Crude Odds Ratio, CI: Confidence Interval, 1: reference group