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Table 1 Socio demographic characteristics of diabetic patients who follow at Jimma University Medical Center, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Determinants of diabetic retinopathy in Southwest Ethiopia: a facility-based case-control study

VariableCategoryCases
(n = 106)
Controls
(n = 205)
COR
(95%CI)
P-Value
Age< 60 years
≥60 years
48 (45.3%)
58 (54.7%)
177 (86.3%)
28 (13.7%)
1
7.63 (4.39,13.27)
< 0.001
ResidenceUrban
Rural
51 (48%)
55 (52%)
89 (43.4%)
116 (56.6%)
1
0.82 (0.51,1.32)
0.43
Education levelIlliterate
Literate
43 (40.6%)
63 (59.4%)
25 (12.2%)
180 (87.8%)
4.91 (2.77, 8.69)
1
< 0.001
OccupationGovernment employee
Self and private business
29 (27.4%)
77 (72.6%)
42 (20.5%)
163 (79.5%)
1
0.68 (0.39,1.18)
0.173
Family’s Monthly Income<3061ETB
≥3061ETB
76 (71.7%)
30 (28.3%)
117 (57.1%)
88 (42.9%)
1.90 (1.15,3.15)
1
0.012
SexMale
Female
69 (65%)
37 (35%)
125 (60.9%)
80 (39.1%)
0.83 (0.51,1.36)
1
0.477
Marital statusIn Union
Not in Union
101 (95.2%)
5 (4.8%)
152 (74.1%)
53 (25.9%)
7.04 (2.72,18.22)
1
< 0.001
ReligionChristians
Muslim
39 (36.8%)
67 (63 .2%)
104 (50.7%)
101 (49.3%)
1.76 (1.09,2.86)
1
0.02
EthnicityOromo
Amhara
Others
75 (70.7%)
22 (20.8%)
9 (8.5%)
127 (61.9%)
42 (20.5%)
36 (17.6%)
1
0.88 (0.49,1.59)
0.42 (0.19,0.92
0.690
0.032
  1. COR Crude Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, 1: reference group